Indica Vs Sativa, What’s The Difference?

Have you found yourself asking indica or sativa? Which one do I get? What’s the difference? Weed is weed, right? Not quite. Each plant has a different set of characteristics and effects, understanding the difference between the two will help you find that perfect strain.

Many users report that the flower of sativa and indica cannabis plants each have their own distinct effects on the mind and body; sativas tend to give you a more energizing experience, while indicas tend to make you more relaxed.

While these broad classifications do have some validity, this is not entirely correct. The words “sativa” and “indica” refer to the physical and geographic characteristics of the cannabis plant, rather than the effects the flower provides.

In this post we will explore what makes a cannabis plant an indica or a sativa, and what is actually making you fall in love with a certain strain.

Geographic Origin

Cannabis sativa was discovered by Western society before indica, and was thought to be the only species of cannabis. Sativa originates from areas between the 0° and 30° latitudes specifically Mexico, Columbia, Thailand and Southeast Asia. Because of the warmer temperature in these regions, cannabis sativa evolved to be tall and lanky to conserve water. Sativa plants can now be found all over the world, but tend to grow in warmer environments that mimic their original home.

In 1785 Western explorers encountered the cannabis indica plant and named the plant after the location the plants were found – India. Cannabis indica evolved in the Kush Mountains of northern India and grew in the 30° and 50° latitudes. Like sativa, indica can now be found in most corners of the world.

Growth and Physical Characteristics

Indica plants tend to grow to about 3-6 feet tall and are ideal for growing indoors. The flowering time for indica is much faster than sativa at 6-8 weeks, making it a more popular plant among hobby growers.

Sativa plants can grow up to 20 feet tall. Many growers like to mix the plants, creating hybrids to tame the height. They are also the longest flowering species, taking 10-16 weeks to flower.

You can easily tell the difference between indica and sativa by the shape of their leaves. Indica leaves are deep in color and broad, while sativa leaves are lighter in color with slender leaves.

Effects

As we mentioned above, many users associate indicas and sativas with their own unique effects. The classic school of thought is that indicas tends to be more relaxing and used at night, while sativas are energizing and are usually recommended for daytime use.

The reason why a strain makes you feel a certain way, however, has more to do with the strain’s  terpene profile than its indica or sativa classification. Terpenes are botanical compounds that are found in everything from pepper to lavender to hops.

Terpenes are the reason why lavender is soothing, why spicy scents can wake you up, and why that IPA beer that’s full of hops makes you sleepy. The same principles apply to cannabis! You can check out our blog post on terpenes to learn more on this subject.

Next time you’re shopping for cannabis don’t fall into the indica or sativa trap. Try something new! Tell your budtender why  you want to use cannabis, and then ask what terpene profile would be best for your desired effects. You might just find your new favorite strain!

Download the Indica Vs. Sativa poster here.

Proud to be Clean Green Certified

Are you conscientious of what you are purchasing? Is the cannabis you’re buying organic and sustainable?

To be sure, verify that the cannabis you are buying is from a Clean Green Certified source. What does that mean? Legally, cannabis can not be called organic – the term organic is a federally regulated term and the USDA does not recognize cannabis as an agricultural crop. For this reason, the Clean Green Certified program was formed as a way to regulate legal cannabis products that call themselves organic. No matter how environmentally friendly the cultivation practices are to grow the cannabis, it is the only way to know your cannabis was grown using organic methods and handled in a clean and sustainable environment.

The Clean Green Certified program is based off existing national and international agricultural standards that ensure environmentally clean and sustainable methods. A Clean Green Certified farm/facility must follow legal and responsible business practices. The farm/facility must follow Clean Green Certified standards, which incorporate Federal and State food handling guidelines.

To be a Clean Green Certified grower you must follow rigorous standards including:

  • Use of organic cultivation methods
  • Prevent soil erosion and nutrient runoff
  • Use water conservation methods from a legal water source
  • Reduce Carbon Footprint Reduction (CFR)
  • Establish fair trade/fair working conditions
  • Be in Legal compliance

Clean Green Certified facilities, must strictly adhere to the following standards:

  • Use Clean Green Verified Sources
    All certified farmers are issued a singular certification number and certificate, that can be verified at cleangreencertified.com.
  • Ensure Proper Handling of Clean Green Cannabis
    In order to keep Clean Green cannabis clean, it is critical to keep it seperate from conventionally-grown cannabis. Facilities must follow proper hygiene regulations, use airtight packaging and use no toxic chemicals in the facility handling areas. ONLY a certified facility may open and repackage Clean Green cannabis for consumer use.
  • Employees are Trained in Clean Green Knowledge
    Employees are trained to be able to distinguish between Clean Green Certified cannabis and conventional cannabis. They are trained not to contaminate the product.
  • Establish Carbon Footprint Reduction Practices
    Facilities, like farms, are required to work on reducing their energy consumption and to improve their reduction each year.

Here at Substance we do not take the Clean Green Certified standards lightly. Each day we strive to reduce our carbon footprint, ensure we are purchasing from Clean Green Certified farms and handle the Clean Green cannabis products with the proper care. We are proud to be the first, and one of the only, Clean Green Certified outlets in Central Oregon!

To learn more information about the Clean Green Certified program, please visit cleangreencertified.com.

Consumption Methods

The physical and mental benefits of cannabis greatly depend on how it’s consumed, with each method providing a unique experience with different effects. There are three basic methods: inhalation, oral consumption, and topical application. Each method serves a different unique function and is appropriate for different occasions. Check it out – you might find a new favorite!

Smoking

Inhalation is a common form of consumption that consists of smoking the dry flowers of the cannabis plant. When cannabis is burned and inhaled, smoke enters the lungs and is absorbed into the bloodstream. The brain immediately responds to the cannabinoids entering the bloodstream. For this reason, a person can expect to feel the effects immediately when using this method.

There are many ways marijuana can be smoked. It is most commonly smoked in the form of a joint or blunt, or out of a glass pipe or water bong.

Body Care

Cannabis body care products are becoming more common every day. Cannabis salves, balms, roller oils, lotions and creams are all considered topical forms of application. These products are applied directly to the skin and the THC or CBD is absorbed through your pores. Many people enjoy using cannabis topicals for sore muscles, spasms, arthritis, restless leg syndrome, and migraines.

Most cannabis body care products do not get you “high” and are non-psychoactive but, we do always recommend starting with small amounts as everyone is affected differently.

Vaporizing

How is vaporizing different than smoking? Vapor contains a higher percentage of cannabinoids and extracts the therapeutic ingredients of cannabis at a much lower temperature than burning. Many people also find that cannabis lasts longer when vaporized and lessens the adverse effects associated with smoking.

There are many different types of vaporizing devices on the market today. The most common are portable vaporizer pens that can be used to vape oil, flower, or both. There are also table-top vaporizers that use a very small amount of flower to produce vapor that is consumed via an inflated bag, or a tube with a mouth piece.

Oral

Oral application of cannabis consists of using a cannabis tincture that is applied under the tongue. Tinctures are a highly concentrated, cannabinoid filled product in liquid form and are immediately absorbed into the bloodstream unlike edibles or drinks. Tinctures sold with a dropper are commonly diluted into tea or water, or placed onto food.

Tinctures can also be swallowed and digested like an infused product, but often have the consistency of oil and are more effective when applied sublingually.

Dabbing

Dabbing is a popular form of consumption that combines elements smoking and vaporizing. Rather than a bowl with flower, dabbing requires a heated surface and cannabis oil. When a person places a ‘dab’ of cannabis extract, such as wax or hash oil, onto the heated surface, the concentrate is quickly melted and vaporized. Dabbing isn’t for everyone as it is highly concentrated and affects the body immediately.

People dealing with severe pain or extreme nausea report that dabbing can be one of the best ways to get immediate and effective relief.

Edibles

Cannabis can be infused into butter or oil that is cooked into food, mixed into drinks, or used to make baked goods and candy. Eating or drinking cannabis provides significantly different effects from other delivery methods that immediately enter the bloodstream.

Cannabis edibles usually take longer to have a physical effect and provides a longer duration of the therapeutic effects of cannabis. Some edibles can take up to 90 minutes to take effect depending on the individual, so be careful and don’t over do it when trying a new product.

Download the Cannabis Consumption Methods Poster here.

Oregon Cannabis 101

Are you new to the state of Oregon? Maybe you’re just passing through or visiting family and you want to stop at a local dispensary. Whatever it is, you probably have some questions regarding recreational cannabis laws. Whatever the reason, you’re in the right place. Here is your 101 guide to recreational cannabis in Oregon.

Legal Age

If you are 21 years of age and older you can consume recreational marijuana in Oregon. The use or possession of marijuana by anyone under the age of 21 is illegal, including home consumption.

When & Where

Adults 21 and older can use recreational marijuana at home or on private property. You may not smoke or use recreational marijuana in a public place. A public space is “a place to which the general public has access and includes, but is not limited to, hallways, lobbies, and other parts of apartment houses and hotels not constituting rooms or apartments designed for actual residence, and highways, streets, schools, places of amusement, parks, playgrounds and premises used in connection with public passenger transportation.” Also, remember it is at a landlord’s discretion to allow or deny the use of marijuana on their property so, be sure to ask before using it on their property.

Possession Limits

The PUBLIC possession limits for recreational users are:

  • 1 oz. usable marijuana (dried leaves & flower)
  • 1 oz. cannabinoid extracts or concentrates
  • 16 oz. cannabinoid product in solid form
  • 72 oz. cannabinoid product in liquid form
  • 4 immature marijuana plants
  • 10 marijuana seeds

Private possession limits are the same as public but, you can have up to 8 ounces of usable marijuana at a residence or on private property.

Oregonians can grow up to four plants per residence. No, that does not mean four adults can have 16 plants. Four plants per residence, regardless of how many people live there.

Where to Purchase Cannabis

You can purchase marijuana items at any OLCC licensed retail location, but we prefer you come visit us here at Substance Market or check out our online menu here.

Driving & Travel

Current DUII laws have not changed. That means no driving under the influence of intoxicants (DUII), including impairment from the use of marijuana. You also cannot take marijuana across state lines even if it’s legal in the state you are traveling too. That means you cannot travel to Washington with marijuana even though it’s legal. It is a federal offense.

Gifting & Giveaways

Gifting & giveaways between individuals who are 21 years of age and older is allowed but may not have any financial consideration.

Financial consideration includes:

  • Cover charges
  • Admission
  • Donations
  • Tip jars
  • Raffles
  • Fundraiser events
  • purchase required
  • Barter
  • Sales

Well, enjoy, be safe, and remember to follow the Oregon Cannabis 101 guide and laws for use of cannabis in the state of Oregon.

Download the Oregon Cannabis 101 Guide Here or for more information please visit oregon.gov.

Vape Cartridges

Cannabis Oil Cartridges: Are they for me?

The Good Kind Of Oil

As cannabis consumption continues to enter mainstream society, personal vaporizers are becoming more popular by the day. Vaporization is, essentially, the point at which solids turn to gas. In the cannabis world this means heating a product, but not to the point at which it burns.

There are many different types of vaporizers that allow users to vape dry herb, hash or wax, and oil via a pre-filled cartridge. Today, we will be discussing the increasingly popular oil cartridges.

Oil cartridges are pre-filled, ready to use, and are made with just about any strain you could want. The cartridge is connected to a battery and voila, you’re ready to vape! You might be asking yourself, “how did a leafy green flower turn into this golden oil, and how did it get into this cartridge?”

How Does A Flower Become An Oil?

Other than strain, the main consideration when choosing an oil cartridge is the method of extraction. Currently, there are two widely used solvents for extraction: carbon dioxide and butane. Each of these steps could be expanded on for pages, but the basic process is as follows:

  1. Flower is loaded into an extraction chamber.
  2. The chosen solvent (CO2 or butane) is used to perform the initial extraction which produces a “crude” oil.
  3. That “crude” oil is refined multiple times to filter out any unwanted materials and extract THC.
  4. Cartridges are filled either by hand or by a machine.

Carbon dioxide and butane both have their advantages and disadvantages when it comes to creating oil cartridges. At this early stage in the oil cartridge industry, comparing the two is like comparing iOS to Android – both camps have strong feelings and good points to make, and both are great options.

Benefits of Cannabis Oil Cartridges

Vaporizing cannabis via an oil cartridge has become a popular method of consumption for many users due to its ease of use, quick onset, discreteness, and medicinal benefits. Rather than fumbling with hash or wax and trying to reapply a dab of oil, a cartridge is always ready to go. Rather than eating an edible, which could take up to an hour to feel the effects, oil cartridges produce a vapor that is inhaled through your lungs and absorbed quickly for an onset time of less than 10 minutes. If being discrete is what you’re after, oil cartridges produce a light, nearly odorless vapor. Perhaps most importantly are the medicinal benefits for users who need to carefully control their dosages and cannot physically handle smoke or sugary edibles entering their bodies.

How To Use Cannabis Oil Cartridges

To use an oil cartridge you need three things: a battery, a battery charger, and a cartridge. 510 thread batteries have become the most popular form of battery, but be sure to ask your budtender about compatibility between a battery and cartridge. Once you’re home and ready to try out your new cartridge read the instructions on the battery. Battery functionality such as temperature control varies across brands, so be sure you’ve read the instructions and understand how to use your battery.

Come see us at either our Empire or Division locations to speak with a staff member about which cartridge is right for you!

Pro-tip: Don’t over do it. Short, repeated rips will offer better flavor, a reduced risk of burning the oil, and an overall better experience.

Happy Vaping!

New Products and New People; Welcome Everyone 21 and Over

We believe that cannabis is part of everyone’s health and wellness regimen, whether they have a note from their doctor or not. So, let’s welcome all of the new cannabis consumers into our Substance community.

Additional demand from our new adult-use clients has allowed us to procure a larger variety of cannabis from more producers around the region. These new clients help to create a better experience for our OMMP clientele. We have invested in new systems, expanded our point of sale areas, and hired additional staff to better manage our operations and client engagement.

OMMP clients: While it may sometimes appear we have a lobby full of people, rest assured your place is protected and we will be sure to expedite you to the OMMP station. Flash your green card and we’ll serve you promptly. We have created a dedicated OMMP service station, well stocked with concentrates, edibles, tinctures and topicals.  To show our gratitude, all OMMP clients will receive 10% off ALL products for the entire month of October.

Featured Products

A Bunch of Pineapple!

Golden Pineapple Flower | Elevate Gardens
Pineapple Kush Flower | Jurassic Farms
Pineapple Dog Star | Newcleus Nurseries
Pineapple Express CO2 Pen | Golden XTRX
Pineapple Dream BHO | Lunchbox Alchemy
Pineapple Chunk PHO | Mad Farma
Super Lemon Pineapple Ice Wax | Chronic Creations
Pineapple Robot Edible | SourBHOTZ

Featured Flowers from MonkeyBird Farms — Naturally Fresh:

  • Sonoma Sour
  • Chem Sour
  • Romulan
  • Rocky Mountain Tangerine
  • Blue City Diesel

New Oregon Candy Company Edibles

Oh Fudge – Solid Potency, Super Tasty and a great value at $5 each!

CBD Gold Label Taffies are Back!

Nicely balanced – 40mg CBD: 20mg THC (2:1 ratio)

Choose from 7 tasty flavors:

  • Mixed Berry
  • Blue Cherry
  • Strawberry
  • Watermelon
  • Strawberry Orange
  • Fruit Punch
  • Blue Lemon Punch

Please come and celebrate the end of cannabis prohibition with us!

Strain Review – Chem Dawg

Chem Dawg (sometimes Chemdawg) has secured quite the name for itself over the years. A series of successful crosses of this strain to make such powerful strains as Sour Diesel and OG Kush has made Chem Dawg a favorite amongst growers and consumers alike. Its potency is well known, being largely THC dominant, with strong traces of powerful terpenes to ensure its medicinal efficacy and strength, not to mention its distinctly diesel-like aroma.

Many patients enjoy using Chem Dawg to help them manage their stress, depression and anxiety, which is indicative of the strain’s heavy euphoric and heady effects. However, it is particularly effective at managing pain and painful body symptoms that can arise from a variety of conditions. When asked, many patients say that Chem Dawg is a truly exceptional strain and one whose experience they would not want to pass up.

Generally, THC levels of Chem Dawg average around 20%. That being said, the particular crop that we at Substance are currently carrying tested at 25% THC. That, coupled with its strong aroma and flavorful kick, certainly ensures that this is one of the best Chem Dawg crops in Central Oregon. Its potency may be a concern for some folks new to cannabis, but if that is the case, there are options for you to help you balance the intense cerebral effects of strains like Chem Dawg while still taking advantage of their notable medicinal applications. For example, you could pick up a CBD-intensive edible to help balance the cannabis experience.

Stop by Substance Medical Marijuana Dispensary soon and speak with our staff about THC, CBD, edibles, and strains like Chem Dawg to find out what will work best for you.

For prices and availability, visit our Online Menu. 

Vegan Stir Fry

Cooking with Cannabis – Vegan Stir Fry

Learn how to decarboxylate your cannabis before cooking with it, if you wish to achieve the full psychoactive effect. 

This recipe uses cannabis coconut oil. For directions on making cannabis infused coconut oil, check out this guide.

Ingredients

1 cub cubed pumpkin

1/2 cub cubed Japanese eggplant

1 cup trimmed green beans

1 red pepper deseeded and cubed

1 cup chopped coriander

1 lime

1 tablespoon crushed garlic

1 tablespoon crushed ginger

3 tablespoons gluten free sweet and dark soy sauce

2 tablespoons cannabis coconut oil

Hot sauce to taste

 

Directions

1. Steam pumpkin cubes for 4 minutes and reserve

2. Heat oil in a large wok or frying pan and add the eggplant and tofu. Fry till crisp before adding the garlic and ginger and stirring to combine

3. Add the soy sauce along with the pepper and the beans and stir fry until cooked but still crunchy. Add the pumpkin and stir to combine

4. Turn off the heat and squeeze in the juice of half the lime and most of the coriander

5. Garnish with hot sauce, remaining lime wedges and coriander

 

The most important thing to remember is that the vegetables you choose must be fresh. Serve this with some quinoa or wild rice if desired. Dose yourself safely and be sure to have a non-medicated side dish to help you fill up so you don’t eat too much. Clearly labeling leftovers and medicated items is recommended.


For more recipes like this, visit the Stoner’s Cookbook here.

Blue Magoo

Strain Review – Blue Magoo

Blue Magoo, not to be confused with Blue Goo, is a lovely indica dominant hybrid strain with a rich lineage stretching back to the mid 90s where it was originally cultivated by one of the many great growers of Oregon. The mother of the strain was the ever popular indica Blueberry, which was pollinated by Major League Bud (also known as William’s Wonder F2)

A fusion of berry, fruit, and other floral notes make up the aroma and taste of Blue Magoo, resulting in a palate as colorful as its pastel purple and green buds. A tight bud structure is not uncommon in this strain, with dense and resinous nugs absolutely covered in beautiful frosty trichomes.

Blue Magoo is a favorite among patients as it combats a variety of symptoms including pain, nausea, insomnia, anxiety, and appetite loss. Many patients have claimed that Blue Magoo is a fast acting pain reliever that does not generally carry with it some of the anxiety-inducing effects that higher THC cannabis strains sometimes have. The lack of paranoid side effects, coupled with the rapid and efficacious symptoms relief and palatable fruity taste, make Blue Magoo a very approachable strain and one that any patient would be pleased to experience. 

Substance is currently carrying this strain on our shelves. It starts at $9 a gram, $31.50 an eighth, $60 a quarter, $110 a half ounce and $220 for a full 28 grams. Testing at 20.15% THC and 0.45% CBD, this flower is lovely and exceptional by all accounts. Stop by and see it for yourself.


To read more about Blue Magoo, check out Leafly’s feature right here.

Strain Review – Grape Ape

Grape Ape is a cannabis strain popular throughout the Pacific Northwest, and for good reason. This particular crop of Grape Ape contains almost every hue of the color spectrum, and is positively dripping with medicinal trichomes. As you might expect, hints of grape flavor permeate the air around these flowers. The nugs are neatly trimmed, not very leafy, and beautifully colored.

So what does our staff have to say about this strain? The consensus is very positive, with comments focusing on the sweet taste and mellow effects of the Grape Ape. It seems to be the perfect strain if you’re looking to stay cozy indoors this winter, to relax, get creative, or stay productive while at home. All in all we give it 7 out of 7 stars. This is one strain that definitely should not be missed.

Grape Ape has a long and rich history, originating from heavy indica Afghani genetics crossed with Mexican and South American landrace strains. It is a delicious blend of Afghani and Skunk #1 with the added fruity flavors associated with Mendo Purps. The effect of the flower is definitely mellow and relaxing, but powerful enough to assist with most chronic pain issues. It’s a great strain to take your mind off your troubles; the sweet exhale brings with it happy thoughts and removal of tension.

The Grape Ape strain fingerprint shows that the strain usually lies within 15-23% THC. Our particular crop certainly tested on the high end of the spectrum, coming out at an impressive 23.5% THC.


Have you already tried Grape Ape? If so, you should leave a review for it on our Leafly page here.

Speaking of, Leafly recently did an in depth analysis of the Grape Ape strain, which you can read right here.