Maximizing the Cannabis High: Understanding Bioavailability

When it comes to enjoying the effects of cannabis, understanding the concept of bioavailability can make all the difference.

Bioavailability refers to how much of the cannabis compounds you consume actually reach your bloodstream and influence your high. It’s a crucial factor that varies depending on how you consume cannabis and can significantly affect your experience. In this blog post, we’ll explore the world of cannabis bioavailability and how it impacts your journey to getting high.

Cannabis as a bonding tool
Inhaling from a water pipe

Inhalation: The Fast Track to Euphoria

Inhalation is arguably the quintessential method of consuming cannabis for those seeking a fast and intense high. Whether you prefer the classic joint or a modern vaporizer, this method offers several advantages that make it a favorite among cannabis enthusiasts.

Rapid Onset

One of the most enticing aspects of inhalation is the speed at which it delivers the effects. When you take a puff, the active compounds in cannabis, such as THC, enter your bloodstream through the intricate network of blood vessels in your lungs. This means you’ll start feeling the effects within minutes, making it easier to gauge the potency of the strain you’re consuming. The rapid onset allows for a more controlled experience, where you can take small inhalations and adjust your dosage accordingly.

High Bioavailability

Inhalation boasts the highest bioavailability among all cannabis consumption methods. This means that a significant portion of the cannabinoids present in the cannabis plant makes it into your bloodstream. As a result, you can expect a more potent high compared to other consumption methods.

Tailored Experiences

Inhalation allows you to tailor your cannabis experience to your preferences with precision. Different strains of cannabis offer a wide array of effects, from relaxation to creativity to euphoria. When you inhale, you can quickly experiment with various strains to find the one that best suits your mood and desired outcome.

Social Aspect

For many, sharing a joint or passing around a vaporizer is a social experience that enhances the enjoyment of cannabis. The act of inhaling together fosters a sense of community and relaxation, making it a popular choice for social gatherings.

While inhalation offers numerous advantages, it’s crucial to keep a few considerations in mind. First, the rapid onset can catch some users off guard, so it’s advisable to start with small doses, especially if you’re new to cannabis. Additionally, inhaling any substance carries potential risks to lung health, so it’s essential to be mindful of your consumption habits and consider alternative methods if you have respiratory issues.

There is no doubt that inhalation provides a fast track to euphoria and is favored by those seeking immediate and intense cannabis effects. Understanding the bioavailability and benefits of this method allows you to make informed choices about how to best enjoy your cannabis experience. Whether you’re sharing a joint with friends or taking a solo puff from a vaporizer, inhalation remains a classic and effective way to embark on your journey to getting high with cannabis.


Edibles: A Slow and Steady Climb

Cannabis-infused edibles offer a unique and often intense high, distinct from inhalation. When you consume cannabis through edibles, it takes a meandering path through your digestive system before cannabinoids can enter your bloodstream. This delayed process results in a slower onset and different bioavailability compared to inhalation, making edibles a fascinating and sometimes unpredictable choice for cannabis enthusiasts.

Delayed Onset:

One of the most prominent characteristics of edibles is the delay between consumption and the onset of effects. Unlike inhalation, which provides almost immediate feedback, edibles can take anywhere from 30 minutes to two hours (or even longer) to start producing noticeable effects. This delay can catch some users off guard, leading to the temptation to consume more before feeling the full effects. Patience is key when it comes to edibles.

Varied Bioavailability:

The bioavailability of cannabis compounds when consumed as edibles can vary significantly from person to person. Factors such as your individual metabolism, the presence of food in your stomach, and the specific edible product you choose all influence how efficiently your body absorbs cannabinoids. This variability can make edibles somewhat unpredictable, and it’s why it’s often recommended to start with a low dose and gradually increase it as needed.

Long-Lasting High:

Once the effects do kick in, edibles are known for providing a long-lasting and often more potent high compared to inhalation. This extended duration can be ideal for individuals seeking sustained relief from conditions like chronic pain, anxiety, or insomnia. However, it’s essential to plan your edible consumption carefully, especially if you have commitments or responsibilities later in the day.

Precise Dosing:

Edibles offer precise dosing options, as manufacturers typically label the cannabinoid content of their products. This makes it easier for users to control their dosage and tailor their experience to their specific needs and preferences. Understanding the labeled potency of the edible is crucial for responsible consumption.

Taste and Variety:

Another appealing aspect of edibles is the wide range of flavors and product types available. Whether you prefer brownies, gummies, chocolates, or savory snacks, there’s likely an edible product that suits your taste.

Cannabis-infused edibles provide a unique and often intense high experience, characterized by a delayed onset, varied bioavailability, and long-lasting effects. Understanding these qualities is essential for a safe and enjoyable edible experience. Starting with a low dose, being patient, and considering your individual metabolism will help you make the most of the slow and steady climb that edibles offer on your journey to getting high with cannabis.

Cannabis topical

Sublingual and Topical Applications: Precision and Comfort

In the realm of cannabis consumption, sublingual and topical applications offer alternative routes that provide distinct advantages in terms of bioavailability and targeted effects.

Sublingual Application:

Sublingual consumption involves placing cannabis tinctures or oils under your tongue. This method offers several key benefits:

  • Rapid Absorption: Sublingual administration allows cannabinoids, such as THC and CBD, to be absorbed directly into the bloodstream through the thin mucous membranes under your tongue. This results in a relatively fast onset of effects, typically within 15-30 minutes, making it faster than traditional edibles.
  • Precise Dosage Control: Cannabis tinctures and oils often come with clearly labeled concentrations, enabling precise dosage control. This makes it easier to achieve your desired effects with accuracy and consistency.
  • Discreet and Portable: Sublingual products are typically compact and discreet, making them an ideal choice for on-the-go consumption. You can enjoy the benefits of cannabis without drawing much attention.
  • Flexible Effects: Sublingual applications can provide both immediate relief and long-lasting effects, depending on the product and dosage. This versatility allows you to tailor your experience to your specific needs, whether it’s relaxation, pain relief, or mood enhancement.

Topical Application:

Cannabis-infused topicals, such as creams, lotions, and balms, offer an entirely different bioavailability profile:

  • Localized Relief: Unlike other methods that provide systemic effects, topicals are designed to deliver cannabinoids directly to specific areas of the body. They are particularly useful for localized pain relief, muscle soreness, inflammation, and skin conditions.
  • Minimal Psychoactive Effects: Topical applications are non-intoxicating, meaning they do not produce the typical “high” associated with cannabis. This makes them an attractive option for individuals seeking the therapeutic benefits of cannabinoids without impairment.
  • No Risk of Lung Irritation: Since topicals are applied externally, there is no risk of lung irritation or potential harm to the respiratory system, making them a safer choice for those with respiratory concerns.
  • Ease of Use: Applying topicals is straightforward and does not require any special equipment or preparation. Simply massage the product onto the desired area and allow it to absorb.

Tailored Cannabis Experiences

Sublingual and topical applications offer precision and comfort in the world of cannabis consumption. Whether you seek rapid relief, controlled dosing, localized effects, or a discreet and non-intoxicating option, these methods provide a valuable alternative to inhalation and traditional edibles. Understanding their bioavailability and unique characteristics allows you to customize your cannabis experience to meet your specific needs and preferences, contributing to a more enjoyable and effective journey with cannabis.

Woman alone in nature enjoying the quiet and smoking marijuana

Lots of Different Options to Consume

Understanding bioavailability is crucial for tailoring your cannabis experience to your preferences. Whether you prefer the rapid euphoria of inhalation or the slow and steady climb of edibles, knowing how each method works can help you make informed choices. Always remember to start low, go slow, and prioritize safety when enjoying cannabis. It’s your key to unlocking the full potential of this remarkable plant.

Substance Market is Here For You!

Stop into any of our stores to check our some of our products. You can also check any of our menus here.

Additionally, you can find more information on the vendors we work with here.

Substance offers online ordering and curbside pickup for dabs and other fine products at all dispensary locations throughout Bend, and now at our newest locations in Cottage Grove, OR and Springfield, OR.

Cannabis Workout

Can Cannabis Enhance Your Workout Performance?

Cannabis has long been a topic of intrigue, especially when it comes to its potential benefits for fitness enthusiasts and athletes.

In this blog about infusing cannabis into your workout, we’ll delve into the science, benefits, risks, and real-life experiences of using cannabis in your workout routine. Whether you’re a seasoned gym-goer or just looking to boost your exercise performance, read on to discover if cannabis can be a valuable addition to your fitness journey.

tolerance decrease by drinking more water
Photo by Nigel Msipa on Unsplash

Cannabis and Exercise: An Overview

Cannabis, in its various forms, has been used for centuries for both recreational and medicinal purposes. Today, it encompasses products like marijuana, CBD (cannabidiol), and THC (tetrahydrocannabinol). But how does cannabis interact with exercise? Research has shown that cannabinoids found in cannabis can engage with our body’s endocannabinoid system, which plays a crucial role in regulating various physiological processes. This interaction can lead to effects like pain relief, relaxation, and improved focus, which might have implications for your workout.

Lifting Weights / Rawpixel

Cannabis and Exercise: An Unexpected Partnership

This interaction between cannabinoids and the endocannabinoid system is the key to understanding how cannabis can potentially enhance your exercise routine. It’s important to note that while the research is ongoing and complex, some effects have emerged as particularly relevant to physical activity.

Pain Relief:

For athletes and fitness enthusiasts, pain during and after workouts is an ever-present challenge. The exertion and strain exerted on muscles, joints, and other bodily structures can lead to discomfort and soreness, sometimes severe enough to hinder progress. Injuries, whether minor strains or more significant setbacks, are also common in these pursuits.

Cannabis’s role as a pain alleviator holds significant promise for athletes and fitness enthusiasts seeking more productive and comfortable training sessions.

Relaxation and Stress Reduction:

Exercise stands as a formidable weapon in the battle against stress—an endeavor to regain mental equilibrium and physical well-being. However, a fascinating interplay emerges when we introduce cannabis into this equation. For some, cannabis possesses the unique ability to accentuate the stress-reduction benefits of exercise, transforming the workout experience into a tranquil and rejuvenating journey.

Cannabis, through its interaction with the endocannabinoid system and the modulation of various neurotransmitters, has been linked to heightened relaxation and a reduction in anxiety.

Improved Focus:

It can be a persistent challenge to maintain unwavering attention during physical activity. This is where specific strains of cannabis may serve as an ally in enhancing concentration.

Certain strains of cannabis have garnered attention for their potential to sharpen focus and mental clarity. These strains typically have a higher ratio of cannabinoids like THC and CBD, known for their stimulating and cognitive-enhancing properties. This can be especially advantageous for activities that require precision, such as yoga or weightlifting.

Inflammation Management:

Inflammation is a natural response to exercise, but excessive inflammation can lead to soreness and reduced recovery. Some cannabinoids, like CBD, possess anti-inflammatory properties that may aid in managing post-workout inflammation. When inflammation goes unchecked, it can manifest as soreness, prolonged recovery times, and even hamper your ability to maintain a consistent workout routine.

This is where the potential anti-inflammatory properties of certain cannabinoids, particularly CBD, come into play. CBD, or cannabidiol, has garnered significant attention for its perceived ability to help regulate inflammation.

tolerance and exercise
Photo by Jenny Hill on Unsplash

The Balancing Act: Weighing Benefits and Risks of Cannabis in Workouts

As you stand on the precipice of integrating cannabis into your workout regimen, a crucial task unfolds—evaluating the scales of potential benefits and risks. Some individuals laud the advantages of cannabis as a workout companion, reporting heightened abilities to surmount pain barriers, thereby extending and intensifying their exercise sessions. Moreover, CBD, a non-psychoactive cannabinoid within the cannabis spectrum, is ascending the popularity charts, credited for its potential anti-inflammatory prowess and its knack for alleviating pain.

However, this journey through the interplay of cannabis and exercise is not devoid of shadows. A terrain of potential pitfalls beckons:

Impairment Looms:

Impairment, in the context of cannabis use during exercise, can manifest in various ways. One of the most notable effects is a sense of altered perception, where time may appear to pass differently, and spatial awareness can be skewed. Motor skills, so critical for precise movements in many athletic endeavors, may become less reliable under the influence of cannabis. Coordination, too, can suffer, leading to clumsiness and potential mishaps.

In activities that demand rapid responses, such as team sports or high-intensity interval training, the delayed reaction times associated with cannabis use can prove detrimental. Moreover, precision, an essential element in activities like archery, gymnastics, or martial arts, can be compromised, potentially leading to subpar performance or even injury.

Navigating Legalities:

The landscape of cannabis legality is a labyrinthine one, marked by diverse regulations in different jurisdictions. To tread safely, one must be well-versed in the laws governing cannabis use in their area. Whether it’s permissible for recreational or medical use, comprehending the legal status is paramount, as violations can have consequences.

The fusion of cannabis and exercise embodies a double-edged sword, teeming with potential and pitfalls. It is incumbent upon the individual to tread wisely, considering their unique goals, physical activities, and the legal framework of their locale. As you contemplate the role of cannabis in your workout routine, the scales of benefits and risks must be meticulously weighed, ensuring that your pursuit of enhanced fitness remains aligned with your overall well-being.

Substance Market is Here For You!

Stop into any of our stores to check our some of our products. You can also check any of our menus here.

Additionally, you can find more information on the vendors we work with here.

Substance offers online ordering and curbside pickup for dabs and other fine products at all dispensary locations throughout Bend, and now at our newest locations in Cottage Grove, OR and Springfield, OR.

Opiate Epidemic

Can Cannabis Replace Opiates?

In recent years, the debate surrounding the use of cannabis as a potential alternative to opiates for pain management has gained momentum. With the opioid epidemic gripping nations worldwide, finding safer and more effective alternatives to these highly addictive drugs is imperative. Cannabis, with its various compounds, including THC and CBD, has emerged as a promising candidate. But can it truly replace opiates in managing pain? In this blog, we’ll explore the science behind both substances, their potential benefits, and the challenges they pose in the quest for effective pain relief.

Opiate Crisis
Scattered pills / RawPixel

Understanding the Opioid Crisis

To assess whether cannabis can replace opiates, it’s essential to grasp the gravity of the opiate crisis. This crisis has unfolded as a catastrophic public health challenge, one that has left no corner of society untouched. Opiates, a class of drugs that includes prescription painkillers like oxycodone and illicit substances such as heroin, have been at the epicenter of this unprecedented healthcare crisis.

The Alarming Overdose Statistics

The opioid crisis is characterized by a sobering statistic: overdose deaths. The numbers are staggering, with tens of thousands of lives lost each year due to opioid-related overdoses. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), opioid overdoses claimed over 93,000 lives in the United States alone in the 12-month period ending in September 2021. This figure is not confined to a single nation; it’s a global crisis.

The Lure of Highly Addictive Substances

One of the most insidious aspects of opiates is their addictive nature. These drugs have an uncanny ability to hijack the brain’s reward system, leading individuals down a perilous path of dependency. When someone takes an opiate, whether it’s a legally prescribed painkiller or an illicit substance like heroin, their brain is flooded with a rush of euphoria. This euphoria, combined with the profound relief from pain that opiates provide, creates a powerful incentive for continued use.

Potent Pain-Relieving Properties

Opiates are renowned for their unparalleled pain-relieving properties. For individuals suffering from severe pain, whether due to surgery, injury, or chronic conditions, opiates can be a lifeline. They effectively numb the perception of pain, offering respite to those who would otherwise endure excruciating discomfort. This dual nature of opiates, capable of alleviating suffering while simultaneously fostering addiction, has made them a formidable and deeply troubling public health concern.

The Vicious Cycle of Opioid Dependence

Once an individual becomes dependent on opiates, breaking free from their grip becomes an arduous and often seemingly insurmountable challenge. Tolerance to opiates builds rapidly, meaning that over time, individuals require higher doses to achieve the same level of pain relief or euphoria. This tolerance can lead to escalating doses, increased risk of overdose, and a cycle of dependence that can be extraordinarily difficult to escape.

The opioid crisis represents a grave and ongoing challenge for healthcare systems worldwide. Opiates, despite their unparalleled pain-relieving abilities, have become a double-edged sword, ensnaring countless individuals in addiction and leading to a heartbreaking loss of life. The search for alternatives, such as cannabis, is driven by the urgent need to find safer and less addictive options for pain management. To explore whether cannabis can indeed replace opiates, we must delve deeper into the science and considerations surrounding both substances.

Cannabis in the Sunlight
Cannabis in the Sun / David Garbric

Cannabis: A Promising Alternative

Cannabis, frequently referred to as marijuana, has a long and storied history of use for both medicinal and recreational purposes, dating back centuries. Its potential as an alternative to opiates in pain management has captured the attention of researchers, healthcare professionals, and patients alike. The cannabis plant is complex, containing numerous compounds, but two have emerged as central players in the quest for effective pain relief: tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD).

The Cannabis Plant’s Rich History

The cannabis plant’s use can be traced back to ancient civilizations in various parts of the world. It has been employed for its therapeutic properties in cultures ranging from ancient China and India to Egypt and Greece. Cannabis has also played a role in religious and spiritual practices in some societies. However, in recent history, it has faced periods of prohibition and stigmatization, which have hindered scientific exploration into its potential benefits.

THC and CBD: The Dynamic Duo

Within the cannabis plant, THC and CBD are two compounds that have garnered significant attention for their potential therapeutic effects. THC, the psychoactive component of cannabis, is responsible for the euphoric “high” associated with marijuana use. On the other hand, CBD is non-psychoactive and has gained recognition for its potential medical benefits.

The Endocannabinoid System: A Key Player

To understand how THC and CBD work within the body, it’s essential to introduce the endocannabinoid system (ECS). This intricate network of receptors, enzymes, and endocannabinoids plays a pivotal role in maintaining homeostasis in the body. It regulates various physiological processes, including pain perception, mood, immune function, and more.

THC: The Pain-Relieving Powerhouse

THC primarily interacts with the ECS by binding to cannabinoid receptors, particularly CB1 receptors found in the central nervous system. When THC binds to these receptors, it can modulate pain signaling pathways, offering relief to individuals experiencing discomfort. This property has made THC a central focus in the quest for effective pain management alternatives.

CBD: The Balancing Act

CBD, while lacking the psychoactive effects of THC, exerts its influence on the ECS in a different way. It doesn’t directly bind to CB1 or CB2 receptors but rather influences them indirectly. CBD is thought to reduce inflammation, modulate pain perception, and promote a sense of relaxation and well-being. Its versatility in addressing various aspects of pain and its association with minimal side effects make CBD an appealing option for those seeking alternative pain relief.

The cannabis plant, with its rich history and diverse chemical composition, holds promise as an alternative to opiates for pain management. THC and CBD, in particular, have shown potential in alleviating pain through their interactions with the endocannabinoid system. As research continues to unravel the complexities of cannabis and its compounds, the potential for it to replace or complement opiates in pain management becomes an increasingly intriguing avenue worth exploring further. However, it’s crucial to approach this potential solution with a full understanding of its benefits and limitations, as well as the regulatory and legal considerations that surround its use.

Potent Pain-Relieving Properties

Opiates, without a doubt, have earned their reputation for possessing remarkable pain-relieving properties. For individuals facing severe pain, be it as a result of surgical procedures, traumatic injuries, or the relentless grip of chronic conditions, opiates often represent a lifeline to relief. These drugs have the unique capacity to effectively numb the perception of pain, offering a respite that can feel nothing short of miraculous to those who would otherwise endure excruciating discomfort.

Immediate Relief for Acute Pain

In the realm of acute pain management, opiates have proven indispensable. After surgeries, when patients are often at their most vulnerable and in considerable pain, opiates like oxycodone and morphine can provide swift and profound relief. This immediate cessation of agony allows individuals to recover more comfortably and can be instrumental in reducing postoperative complications due to pain-induced stress.

Chronic Pain: A Persistent Challenge

Chronic pain, a condition affecting millions worldwide, poses a persistent challenge for patients and healthcare providers alike. Conditions like fibromyalgia, neuropathic pain, and severe osteoarthritis can inflict unrelenting suffering. Opiates, when prescribed responsibly, can make life more bearable for those grappling with these long-term ailments. By reducing pain, they can enhance the quality of life and restore a degree of functionality to patients who might otherwise be severely debilitated.

The Double-Edged Sword of Opiates

However, the effectiveness of opiates in pain management comes with a double-edged sword. Their ability to alleviate suffering is matched by their potential to foster addiction and dependency. Opiates not only provide relief from pain but also generate feelings of euphoria and relaxation, which can be psychologically and physically addictive. Over time, individuals often find themselves needing higher doses to achieve the same pain relief, a phenomenon known as tolerance.

The Dark Side: Addiction and Overdose

This progression towards tolerance can lead individuals down a treacherous path towards dependence, addiction, and, tragically, overdose. When tolerance builds, individuals may seek higher doses, often without medical supervision, to chase the diminishing euphoric effects. This risky behavior dramatically increases the chances of an overdose, which can be fatal.

Cannabis as a Promising Alternative

In light of the formidable challenges posed by opiates, the exploration of alternatives like cannabis becomes particularly compelling. Cannabis, with its various compounds, offers an alternative approach to pain management. Unlike opiates, which primarily interact with opioid receptors in the brain and spinal cord, cannabis compounds, such as tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD), interact with the endocannabinoid system (ECS).

THC and CBD: A Different Mechanism of Action

THC, the psychoactive component of cannabis, binds to cannabinoid receptors in the ECS, primarily CB1 receptors, and can modulate pain signaling pathways. While it shares pain-relieving properties with opiates, it does so without the same risk of respiratory depression, which is a common cause of fatal opioid overdoses. CBD, on the other hand, influences the ECS in a more indirect manner, reducing inflammation, modulating pain perception, and promoting relaxation without the psychoactive effects of THC.

Balancing the Benefits and Limitations

However, it’s important to acknowledge that cannabis is not without its own set of considerations and limitations. Variability in product composition, psychoactive effects, and potential side effects must be carefully considered. Additionally, not all individuals respond to cannabis in the same way, and its effectiveness in pain management can vary.

Both opiates and cannabis offer unique approaches to pain relief, each with its own set of advantages and drawbacks. While opiates provide powerful and immediate pain relief but carry a significant risk of addiction and overdose, cannabis presents a potentially safer alternative that interacts with the endocannabinoid system in a distinct manner. As we continue to seek solutions to the opioid crisis and explore alternatives for pain management, it’s essential to weigh the benefits and limitations of each option, considering individual patient needs and the broader context of public health and safety.

Substance Market is Here For You!

Stop into any of our stores to check our some of our products. You can also check any of our menus here.

Additionally, you can find more information on the vendors we work with here.

Substance offers online ordering and curbside pickup for dabs and other fine products at all dispensary locations throughout Bend, and now at our newest locations in Cottage Grove, OR and Springfield, OR.

Cannabis Dispensary Tourism

Exploring Dispensary Tourism: A Guide to 420-Friendly Destinations in the US

Cannabis dispensary tourism is booming in the United States, and enthusiasts from all over the world are flocking to cities that embrace their love for cannabis culture. Here’s a list of the top 5 cannabis-friendly cities, each located in different states, along with a brief explanation of why they’re such hotspots for cannabis enthusiasts:

Downtown Denver Colorado Cannabis Dispensary Tourism
Downtown Denver Colorado / Credit: Wikimedia Commons

Denver, Colorado: The Mile-High Cannabis Dispensary Capital

Denver, the Mile-High City, stands as a true pioneer in the cannabis industry and an epicenter of cannabis culture. In 2014, it made history by becoming the first city in the United States to legalize recreational cannabis for adults aged 21 and over. Since then, Denver has continued to evolve as a top destination for cannabis enthusiasts from around the world.


Dispensary Tourism Galore: Denver boasts a flourishing cannabis dispensary scene, offering an extensive selection of strains, edibles, and cannabis-infused products. Whether you’re a seasoned connoisseur or a novice explorer, you’ll find a dispensary that suits your preferences and offers expert guidance on strains and consumption methods.

Cannabis Tours Denver Cannabis Dispensary Tourism
Cannabis Tours Denver / Credit: Wikimedia Commons

Guided Cannabis Tours: For those looking to gain deeper insights into the cannabis industry, guided cannabis tours are a must. These tours provide an educational and immersive experience, taking you behind the scenes of cultivation facilities, extraction labs, and even a glimpse into the history of cannabis in Colorado.


Unique Spiritual Experience: Denver is also home to the International Church of Cannabis, a one-of-a-kind establishment where art and cannabis spirituality converge. The church hosts events and services that celebrate the plant’s role in human culture and consciousness, making it a fascinating stop for those interested in exploring the spiritual side of cannabis.

Denver 420 Rally Cannabis Dispensary Tourism
Denver 420 Rally / Credit: Cannabis Destiny

Local Events and Festivals: Throughout the year, Denver hosts a variety of cannabis-related events and festivals, including the world-renowned 420 celebration on April 20th. These gatherings provide opportunities to connect with like-minded individuals, enjoy live music, and celebrate cannabis culture.


Nature and Adventure: Beyond its vibrant urban scene, Denver is a gateway to the natural wonders of Colorado. The nearby Rocky Mountains offer boundless opportunities for outdoor enthusiasts. You can embark on scenic hikes, mountain biking adventures, or simply soak in the breathtaking mountain views while enjoying your favorite cannabis products.

Downtown Seattle Sunset Cannabis Dispensary Tourism
Downtown Seattle Sunset / Credit: Wikimedia Commons

Seattle, Washington: Embracing Cannabis Dispensary Tourism in the Emerald City

Seattle, Washington, stands out as a shining example of a city with a progressive and welcoming attitude towards cannabis, thanks to the state’s early adoption of recreational legalization. This forward-thinking approach has made Seattle a must-visit destination for cannabis enthusiasts looking to explore and indulge in a variety of experiences.


Local Cannabis Culture: Seattle offers a taste of the Pacific Northwest’s finest cannabis products. Tourists can actively participate in the local scene by sampling locally grown strains, which often reflect the unique terroir of the region. Whether you prefer a relaxing indica or an invigorating sativa, dispensaries in Seattle have a diverse selection to satisfy every palate.

Seattle Hempfest Cannabis Dispensary Tourism
Seattle Hempfest / Credit: Wikimedia Commons

Celebrating Cannabis at Seattle Hempfest: Seattle is home to the legendary Seattle Hempfest, one of the world’s largest cannabis festivals. This annual event brings together cannabis advocates, artists, and enthusiasts for a celebration of the plant’s cultural and political significance. Attendees can actively engage in discussions about cannabis policy, art, and advocacy, all while enjoying live music and food vendors.


Exploring Capitol Hill: The vibrant Capitol Hill neighborhood in Seattle is a hotspot for cannabis dispensary tourism and 420 culture. Visitors can actively explore this bustling area, known for its welcoming atmosphere towards cannabis enthusiasts. Here, you’ll find a plethora of cannabis-friendly cafes and lounges, making it a perfect place to unwind, socialize, and enjoy the local scene.

Puget Sound Kayaking Cannabis Dispensary Tourism
Puget Sound Kayaking / Credit: Ingrid V Taylar

Scenic Views and Outdoor Activities: Beyond the cannabis scene, Seattle’s natural beauty offers numerous active opportunities. Take an active stroll along the picturesque waterfront or embark on a hike in the nearby Olympic or Cascade mountain ranges. Many outdoor enthusiasts combine their love for cannabis with activities like kayaking on Puget Sound or enjoying a picnic in one of the city’s lush parks.


Active Engagement in Advocacy: Seattle’s cannabis community is actively engaged in advocacy and education. Visitors interested in the legal and social aspects of cannabis can attend seminars, workshops, and events that delve into the complex world of cannabis policy and its impact on society.

Bend Panoramic Cannabis Dispensary Tourism
Bend Panoramic / Credit: Wikimedia Commons

Bend, Oregon: A Cannabis Dispensary Tourist’s Paradise Amidst Nature’s Bounty

Nestled in the heart of Central Oregon, Bend emerges as an idyllic haven for cannabis enthusiasts seeking an active and nature-centric escape. This city, ensconced by the majestic Cascade Mountains, seamlessly blends outdoor adventures with a thriving cannabis culture. Bend’s allure lies not just in its dispensary tourism but in the immersive cannabis experience it offers.


Accommodations and Craft Brews: Bend’s warmth extends to its cannabis-friendly lodging options, including cozy cabins and boutique hotels that cater to those seeking an immersive cannabis stay. Moreover, the city boasts a burgeoning craft beer scene, making it an ideal destination for those who appreciate both cannabis and artisanal brews. Pairing a locally crafted beer with your preferred strain is an active exploration of Bend’s rich culinary offerings.

Bend Activities Cannabis Dispensary Tourism
View of Three Fingered Jack and Mt Jefferson, Deschutes National Forest. Credit: Flickr

Embracing Nature: Bend is renowned for its abundance of outdoor activities, and cannabis enthusiasts can actively engage with the breathtaking landscapes that surround the city. The scenic Deschutes River Trail beckons visitors to explore its winding paths and lush surroundings, while the nearby mountains are a playground for hiking, mountain biking, and snow sports, depending on the season.


Cannabis and Adventure Combined: For those seeking a unique twist to their cannabis experience, guided tours are available that combine cannabis education with outdoor activities. Imagine a morning hike through pristine forests, followed by a relaxed cannabis session where you can learn about various strains and their effects, all while basking in the natural beauty of Central Oregon.

Les Schwab Amphitheater Cannabis Dispensary Tourism
Les Schwab Amphitheater on August 08, 2021 / Credit: Matthew Lasala

Les Schwab Amphitheater Vibes: The Hayden Homes Amphitheater (FKA: Les Schwab Amphitheater) is a notable attraction in Bend, hosting a variety of concerts and events. Being outdoors and next to the Deschutes river, this venue makes for a unique and playful experience. While you cannot openly consume inside the amphitheater, attendees can actively partake in cannabis-friendly gatherings prior, elevating their musical experiences to new heights.


Relax, Unwind, and Explore: Whether you’re actively exploring the stunning natural landscapes, enjoying adrenaline-pumping outdoor sports, or simply unwinding with your favorite cannabis strain, Bend welcomes you with open arms. It invites you to immerse yourself in the serene beauty of the Pacific Northwest while actively embracing the cannabis culture that makes this city a hidden gem for enthusiasts seeking an authentic and laid-back experience. 

San Francisco Golden Gate and Downtown Cannabis Dispensary Tourism
San Francisco Golden Gate and Downtown / Credit: Wikimedia Commons

San Francisco, California: Where Counterculture and Cannabis Dispensary Tourism Converge

San Francisco, California, stands as a living testament to the counterculture movements of the 1960s, and its vibrant Haight-Ashbury neighborhood continues to be a thriving hub for cannabis culture today. Here, tourists can actively immerse themselves in a blend of history, creativity, and cannabis dispensary tourism experiences that define the city.


Counterculture Legacy: Haight-Ashbury, often considered the birthplace of the 1960s counterculture, retains its progressive spirit. Visitors can actively explore the neighborhood’s historic streets, where icons like Janis Joplin and the Grateful Dead once roamed. The legacy of free expression and artistic rebellion is alive and well, making it an ideal starting point for any cannabis dispensary tour in the city.

Culinary Experts Cannabis Dispensary Tourism
Culinary Experts / Credit: Wikimedia Commons

Cannabis-Infused Delights: San Francisco is known for its innovative culinary scene, and cannabis-infused dinners are a unique attraction. Active exploration of these culinary experiences allows visitors to savor gourmet dishes enhanced with cannabis flavors, creating a fusion of gastronomy and cannabis culture that’s truly unforgettable.


Dispensaries Everywhere: The city is home to a variety of dispensaries, each offering an active exploration of cannabis products. Whether you’re interested in exploring different strains, cannabis-infused edibles, or innovative consumption methods, San Francisco’s dispensaries cater to every preference.

Obscured Hippie Hill Cannabis Dispensary Tourism
Obscured Hippie Hill / Credit: Wikimedia Commons

Iconic Landmarks: San Francisco boasts iconic landmarks, and Golden Gate Park is a must-visit destination. You can actively immerse yourself in the park’s lush greenery, visit the Conservatory of Flowers, or simply stroll through the Botanical Garden. The park’s welcoming atmosphere provides an ideal setting for a cannabis-infused picnic or leisurely walk.


Artistic and Cultural Scene: San Francisco’s active engagement with cannabis culture extends to its vibrant arts and music scene. Visitors can attend cannabis-themed art exhibitions, live music events, and even explore the city’s museums, which often showcase the role of cannabis in art and creativity.

Las Vegas Strip Cannabis Dispensary Tourism
Las Vegas Strip / Credit: Tim Shields

Las Vegas, Nevada: Where Sin City Meets Cannabis Dispensary Tourism

Las Vegas, famously known as Sin City, has embraced a new kind of indulgence with the introduction of legal recreational cannabis in 2017. The city that never sleeps now offers an exhilarating fusion of entertainment and cannabis dispensary tourism experiences that invite visitors to actively explore and indulge.


Cannabis-Infused Wellness: Las Vegas takes indulgence to the next level with cannabis-infused CBD spa treatments. Visitors can actively pamper themselves with rejuvenating massages, facials, and more, enhanced with the soothing effects of cannabis. It’s a holistic approach to relaxation that offers a unique and immersive experience.

Las Vegas Tasting Room Cannabis Dispensary Tourism
Las Vegas Tasting Room / Credit: Ron Mader

Dispensaries on the Strip: One of the most exciting aspects of cannabis in Las Vegas is the presence of dispensaries along the renowned Las Vegas Strip. Visitors can actively engage with the city’s vibrant cannabis scene by exploring dispensary tourism at places that offer a wide array of products, from premium strains to edibles and concentrates. It’s an opportunity to elevate your Las Vegas experience with some of the finest cannabis products available.


Active Engagement in Cannabis Tours: For those seeking a deeper understanding of the cannabis industry, Las Vegas offers guided cannabis tours. These tours actively educate participants about the cultivation process, extraction techniques, and the science behind cannabis, providing a comprehensive view of this burgeoning industry.

Las Vegas Entertainment Cannabis Dispensary Tourism
Las Vegas Entertainment / Credit: Raw Pixel

Entertainment Beyond Compare: Las Vegas is renowned for its world-class entertainment, and cannabis enthusiasts can actively participate in this aspect of the city’s culture as well. Attend concerts, shows, and events that celebrate cannabis culture, often featuring live music, art exhibitions, and interactive experiences.


Gourmet Dining Experiences: The city’s culinary scene also actively incorporates cannabis into its offerings. From cannabis-infused tasting menus to chef-led cooking classes, Las Vegas invites you to actively explore the intersection of fine dining and cannabis culture. It’s a chance to savor delicious flavors and elevate your culinary journey.

Cannabis Dispensary Tourism
Cannabis Tour / Credit: Wikimedia Commons

Making the Most out of your Cannabis Dispensary Vacation

As we’ve journeyed through these cannabis-friendly cities in the United States on our dispensary tour, it’s evident that cannabis culture has firmly established itself as a dynamic and integral part of the American experience. From the pioneering spirit of Denver to the counterculture vibes of San Francisco, from the stunning natural beauty of Bend to the dazzling entertainment of Las Vegas, each destination offers a unique invitation to actively immerse yourself in the world of cannabis.

The United States, with its diverse landscapes, progressive legislation, and a rich tapestry of cultural influences, presents a canvas for cannabis enthusiasts to explore, indulge, and actively participate in the ever-evolving cannabis culture. Whether you seek relaxation, adventure, culinary delights, or a deeper understanding of this remarkable plant, the US offers a range of destinations that cater to every preference.

Make Cannabis Dispensary Discovery a Reason to go on a Road Trip

From sampling locally grown strains to attending cannabis-themed events, from enjoying cannabis-infused spa treatments to exploring iconic landmarks, these cities invite you to actively engage with cannabis culture in ways that are as diverse as the country itself.

So, whether you’re an experienced enthusiast or a curious traveler, consider embarking on a cannabis journey across the United States. Explore the hidden gems, embrace the welcoming communities, and actively participate in the evolving landscape of cannabis dispensary tourism. Each destination offers not just a trip, but an immersive experience that celebrates the multifaceted world of cannabis in the USA.

Substance Market is Here For You!

Stop into any of our stores to check our some of our products. You can also check any of our menus here.

Additionally, you can find more information on the vendors we work with here.

Substance offers online ordering and curbside pickup for dabs and other fine products at all dispensary locations throughout Bend, and now at our newest locations in Cottage Grove, OR and Springfield, OR.

Gavel and buds Cannabis Dispensary Tourism

From Schedule 1 to Schedule 3: Exploring the Potential Impact of Cannabis Reclassification

In a landmark development, the US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) has recently recommended a significant change in the scheduling of cannabis, proposing to move it from a Schedule 1 drug to a Schedule 3 drug. This recommendation has sparked debates and discussions across the nation about the potential implications of such a shift. In this blog, we will delve into the intricacies of drug scheduling, the actors involved, the significance of this change, and the pros and cons associated with the de-scheduling of cannabis.

How are drugs currently scheduled through the Controlled Substance Act?

The scheduling of drugs in the United States is governed by the Controlled Substances Act (CSA) of 1970, which classifies substances into five schedules based on their perceived medical utility, potential for abuse, and safety. Schedule 1 is the most restrictive category, while Schedule 5 is the least restrictive. Currently, cannabis is classified as a Schedule 1 drug, indicating that it is considered to have a high potential for abuse, no accepted medical use, and a lack of accepted safety for use under medical supervision.

Schedule 1

Schedule 1, where cannabis currently resides, is a classification that places it alongside substances like heroin and LSD. This classification has long been a point of contention in the United States, as it places cannabis in the same category as drugs that are widely recognized as highly addictive and dangerous with no accepted medical use.

Schedule 2

Schedule 2 drugs, on the other hand, include substances like cocaine and opioids, which are acknowledged to have some medical applications but are subject to strict regulations due to their potential for abuse and addiction. The placement of cannabis in Schedule 1 has been a barrier to conducting extensive research into its medical potential, as it imposes stringent restrictions on obtaining research permits and funding for studies.

Schedule 3

Schedule 3 drugs, such as certain anabolic steroids and medications like Vicodin, are recognized as having a moderate to low potential for abuse and accepted medical uses. The proposed move of Cannabis from Schedule 1 to Schedule 3 signifies a significant shift in how cannabis is perceived by federal authorities.

Schedule 4

Schedule 4 drugs are substances that have a lower potential for abuse relative to Schedule 1, 2, and 3 drugs, but they still carry a risk of physical or psychological dependence. These substances have accepted medical uses and are commonly prescribed by healthcare professionals. Schedule 4 drugs include medications such as Xanax (alprazolam), Ativan (lorazepam), and Valium (diazepam), which are primarily used to treat anxiety and panic disorders. They are subject to regulations to minimize the potential for misuse or diversion.

Schedule 5

Schedule 5 drugs are the least restrictive category under the CSA. These substances have a very low potential for abuse relative to the higher schedules and are primarily used for medicinal purposes. Schedule 5 drugs include medications like cough preparations containing less than 200 milligrams of codeine per 100 milliliters or per 100 grams (Robitussin AC, Phenergan with Codeine) and medications containing low doses of opiate medications for antidiarrheal purposes (Lomotil, Motofen).

Unlike Schedule 1 and 2 drugs, which are subject to strict regulations and oversight, Schedule 4 and 5 drugs are more readily available with a prescription from a licensed healthcare provider. The primary focus with these schedules is to ensure that these substances are used for legitimate medical purposes while minimizing the risk of abuse and dependence.

What are the steps to take this from a simple recommendation to legally making Cannabis a Schedule 3 drug?

Recommendations are a great first step but a far cry from actually rescheduling Cannabis. In order to do that, we have to understand the steps involved and who ultimately makes those decisions. The process of rescheduling a controlled substance like cannabis is a multi-step, thorough, and often lengthy process, with the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) holding the ultimate authority for making this decision.

  1. HHS Recommendation: The initial step in the rescheduling process begins with the recommendation from the US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). This recommendation is pivotal, as it is based on comprehensive evaluations of scientific, medical, and public health data. The HHS analyzes research findings, reviews existing literature, and consults with experts to determine whether the current scheduling of a substance aligns with its potential for abuse, medical utility, and safety.
  2. DEA Evaluation: Once the HHS makes its recommendation, it is then forwarded to the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). The DEA is responsible for enforcing the Controlled Substances Act and has the authority to reschedule or reschedule controlled substances. Upon receiving the recommendation, the DEA conducts its own exhaustive review.
  3. Rigorous Assessment: The DEA’s review process involves a rigorous examination of the scientific and medical evidence surrounding the substance in question. This includes scrutinizing studies, clinical trials, anecdotal evidence, and any potential risks associated with the substance’s use. The agency also takes into account public comments and feedback during this process, allowing for a comprehensive evaluation from various stakeholders.
  4. Final Determination: After the DEA has completed its review, it makes the final determination regarding the scheduling of the substance. This decision can involve maintaining the current schedule, rescheduling to a different schedule, or de-scheduling the substance entirely. The DEA’s decision is based on its assessment of the evidence and whether the substance’s current classification aligns with scientific understanding and public health considerations.

How the decision is made

It’s important to note that the DEA’s decision-making process is intended to be impartial and based on scientific evidence rather than political or ideological factors. However, the process can be influenced by changing attitudes, new research findings, and evolving public perceptions.

In the case of cannabis, the HHS’s recommendation to move it from Schedule 1 to Schedule 3 reflects a significant shift in how the federal government views the plant. If the DEA were to concur with this recommendation, it would signal a change in federal policy that could have far-reaching implications for medical research, patient access, and the legal status of cannabis in the United States. As the evaluation process unfolds, it will be closely watched by individuals, researchers, and stakeholders who have a vested interest in the future of cannabis regulation. The fact is, we are only at the tip of the iceberg when it comes to the actual rescheduling of Cannabis.

Why does this change matter, what does it represent?

There are many ways rescheduling or completely de-scheduling Cannabis could change the lives of the American people. Here are just a few options to expand on when considering how opening up Cannabis and making it available to all, might be helpful.

Access to Medical Marijuana:

The reclassification of cannabis from Schedule 1 to Schedule 3 holds the promise of transforming the landscape of medical marijuana in the United States. Currently, the Schedule 1 classification severely limits scientific research into the potential medical benefits of cannabis. Researchers face numerous hurdles in obtaining research permits, funding, and access to a consistent supply of cannabis for studies. This hinders our understanding of the plant’s therapeutic potential and limits the development of new treatments.

By moving cannabis to a lower schedule, the federal government could signal its commitment to advancing medical research. This could lead to more comprehensive studies on cannabis and its various compounds, such as CBD and THC, potentially unlocking new treatments for a wide range of medical conditions. Patients suffering from chronic pain, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, and other ailments could see improved access to evidence-based treatments that incorporate cannabis derivatives.

Reduced Criminal Penalties:

The criminalization of cannabis has led to countless arrests and convictions, disproportionately affecting communities of color. De-scheduling cannabis could result in a significant reduction in criminal penalties for possession and use. Individuals with non-violent cannabis-related offenses may no longer face the severe legal consequences that often result in lifelong barriers to employment, housing, and education.

Furthermore, the burden on the criminal justice system, including law enforcement, courts, and prisons, would be alleviated. This could free up resources to focus on more pressing matters and contribute to a more equitable and efficient justice system.

Economic Impact:

The cannabis industry has experienced remarkable growth in states where it has been legalized for either medical or recreational use. A shift from Schedule 1 to Schedule 3 would likely lead to reduced regulatory restrictions, potentially fueling further economic growth and job creation.

Legalizing and regulating the cannabis industry at the federal level could open up opportunities for legitimate businesses to thrive, resulting in increased tax revenue for local and state governments. It could also create a broader range of job opportunities, from cultivation and distribution to retail and research roles, benefiting local economies.

The proposed rescheduling of cannabis carries significant ramifications for multiple stakeholders. From patients seeking effective medical treatments to researchers aiming to uncover the full therapeutic potential of cannabis compounds, the potential for change is substantial. Simultaneously, a shift in scheduling could lead to reduced criminal penalties and offer economic benefits, particularly for the burgeoning cannabis industry. As the debate over cannabis policy continues to evolve, it remains a critical topic that will shape the future of healthcare, justice, and the economy in the United States.

What are the pros and cons of de-scheduling cannabis?


  • Research Advancements: Rescheduling could facilitate further research into the potential medical benefits of cannabis, potentially leading to new treatments and therapies.
  • Criminal Justice Reform: De-scheduling could lead to a reduction in arrests and convictions related to cannabis possession, reducing the strain on the criminal justice system.
  • Economic Benefits: A less restrictive schedule could stimulate economic growth by allowing for expanded cultivation, distribution, and sales of cannabis products.


  • Safety Concerns: Critics argue that de-scheduling may lead to increased access to cannabis, potentially raising concerns about misuse, impaired driving, and public health risks. Education will be key in both gaining the public’s trust over a plant that has long since been associated with other Schedule 1 drugs as well as ensuring safe usage and proper dosing in what is certainly an ever evolving landscape of modern cannabis consumption.
  • Federal vs. State Conflicts: Cannabis is legal for medical or recreational use in many states, but federal prohibition persists. Rescheduling may not fully resolve the conflict between state and federal laws. Beyond that, What does taxation for the states look like after a rescheduling and potentially legalization of cannabis?
  • Regulatory Challenges: The transition from Schedule 1 to a lower schedule could pose regulatory challenges, including product quality control, taxation, and marketing restrictions. Right now, we handle this well on a state-to-state level, but if the government federally legalizes cannabis after rescheduling, all the growing pains we went through to get seed-to-sale tracking systems in place might have to happen all over again.

To be clear, the HHS recommendation to reschedule cannabis from a Schedule 1 to a Schedule 3 drug really does mark a significant development in the ongoing debate over cannabis policy in the United States. And while it could offer numerous benefits such as expanded research opportunities and criminal justice reform, it also raises concerns about public safety and regulatory complexities. The final decision by the DEA will shape the future of cannabis in the United States, affecting the lives of millions of Americans and the trajectory of the cannabis industry. Stay tuned for updates as this important issue unfolds.

Here are a few sources about rescheduling Cannabis that you might find interesting:

  1. National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) – Marijuana as Medicine: This government resource provides information on the current state of research and policies regarding the medical use of cannabis. It offers insights into the scientific aspects of cannabis and its potential therapeutic benefits.
  2. The Brookings Institution – “The medical marijuana mess: A prescription for fixing a broken policy”: This report delves into the complex issues surrounding the scheduling of cannabis and offers policy recommendations for a more rational approach to cannabis in the United States.
  3. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) – Controlled Substances Act: The DEA’s website provides information on the Controlled Substances Act, which governs the scheduling of drugs in the United States. It offers details on the legal framework and criteria used for drug scheduling decisions.
  4. NORML – National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws: NORML is an advocacy group focused on cannabis policy reform. Their website offers a wealth of information on cannabis-related issues, including updates on legislative changes and advocacy efforts.
  5. PubMed – Cannabis Research: For those interested in scientific studies and research articles on cannabis, PubMed is a valuable resource. It provides access to a vast collection of peer-reviewed research papers related to the medical and therapeutic aspects of cannabis.

Substance Market is Here For You!

Stop into any of our stores to check our some of our products. You can also check any of our menus here.

Additionally, you can find more information on the vendors we work with here.

Substance offers online ordering and curbside pickup for dabs and other fine products at all dispensary locations throughout Bend, OR, off I-5 in Cottage Grove, OR, and now at our newest location in Springfield, OR.

full spectrum cannabis

Full Spectrum Cannabis

What is full spectrum cannabis?

Full spectrum products come from the whole cannabis plant, including all naturally occurring cannabinoids, terpenes, and other plant compounds. This means that they contain a wide range of different chemical compounds, each with their own unique properties and potential health benefits.

In contrast to isolated cannabinoids or refined cannabis extracts, full spectrum products aim to preserve the natural complexity and synergy of the cannabis plant. This is because research suggests that these compounds work together in the “entourage effect,” which means that they can enhance each other’s effects and provide a more complete and well-rounded therapeutic experience.

Full spectrum cannabis products often contain a significant amount of THC, which is the primary psychoactive compound in cannabis, as well as other cannabinoids such as CBD, CBG, and CBN. They also contain a variety of terpenes, which are aromatic compounds that give cannabis its distinctive smell and taste, and may also have their own unique health benefits.

Overall, full spectrum cannabis products has shown to be one of the most natural and effective form of cannabis medicine. This may be because they offer a broad range of therapeutic effects. Full spectrum may be more effective than isolated compounds or synthetic alternatives.

full spectrum cannabis
Photo Credit Flikr

What are some examples of full spectrum cannabis products?

Full spectrum CBD oil

For CBD oil to be considered full spectrum, it must contain all naturally occurring cannabinoids, terpenes, and other plant compounds found in the hemp plant, including a significant amount of CBD.

Full spectrum THC oil

This product contains all naturally occurring cannabinoids, terpenes, and other plant compounds found in the marijuana plant, including a significant amount of THC.

Live resin

Live resin is a type of cannabis extract made from freshly harvested, flash-frozen cannabis flowers. This preserves the full spectrum of cannabinoids and terpenes, resulting in a highly aromatic and flavorful product.

Rick Simpson Oil (RSO)

This is a type of cannabis oil created by using a full spectrum extraction process. This involves soaking the cannabis plant in a solvent such as ethanol or butane to extract all the plant compounds. The resulting oil contains a full spectrum of cannabinoids and terpenes, including THC and CBD.

Whole-plant cannabis

This is the most basic form of full spectrum cannabis, which involves using the entire plant, including the flowers, leaves, and stalks. This is often used for making cannabis-infused edibles or as a raw material for other types of cannabis extracts.

What is not considered full spectrum cannabis?

Full spectrum cannabis products contain a range of cannabinoids, terpenes, and other plant compounds, whereas other cannabis products may be more refined and contain only specific cannabinoids or other components. Here are some examples of cannabis products that are not considered full spectrum:

Cannabis isolate

As mentioned earlier, cannabis isolate is a pure form of cannabis extract that contains only one cannabinoid compound, usually either THC or CBD.

Broad-spectrum cannabis products 

Broad-spectrum cannabis products contain multiple cannabinoids and terpenes, but with the THC component removed. This is often done to produce a product with the benefits of multiple cannabinoids, but without the psychoactive effects of THC.

THC distillate

THC distillate is a highly concentrated form of THC with an absence of all other compounds. This results in a pure, potent form of THC that with endless applications.

CBD isolate

Similar to cannabis isolate, CBD isolate is a pure form of CBD extract that contains only the CBD cannabinoid, with all other components removed.

Hemp Seed oil

Pressing the seeds of the hemp plant creates hemp seed oil, and contains no cannabinoids. It is often used as a carrier oil for other cannabis extracts, but is not considered a full spectrum product.

What is cannabis distillate?

A cannabis distillate is a highly concentrated form of cannabis extract produced using a distillation process. This process removes all impurities and unwanted compounds from the cannabis plant, leaving behind a pure, potent product with a high level of THC or CBD.

During the distillation process, the cannabis extract undergoes heating, then cooling, causing the different compounds to separate based on their boiling points. The resulting distillate is then further processed to remove any remaining impurities, resulting in a clear, colorless liquid with a very high potency.

Cannabis distillates are often used in the production of cannabis-infused products such as edibles, tinctures, and vape cartridges, as they can provide a consistent and precise dose of THC or CBD. They are also sometimes used for dabbing, a method of vaporizing and inhaling cannabis concentrates.

Read our article on distillate here.

cannabis isolate
Photo Credit WikiLeaf

What is cannabis isolate?

Cannabis isolate is a pure form of cannabis extract that contains only one cannabinoid compound, usually either THC or CBD. Creating an isolate involves isolating and refining a specific cannabinoid from a full-spectrum cannabis extract, which contains a range of cannabinoids, terpenes, and other plant compounds.

Isolating a cannabinoid involves further refining the full-spectrum extract to remove all other compounds except for the desired cannabinoid. This results in a highly concentrated form of the cannabinoid, often in the form of a white crystalline powder or a clear liquid.

Cannabis isolate is commonly used in the production of cannabis-infused products such as tinctures, edibles, and vape cartridges, as it allows for precise dosing and consistent effects. Cannabis isolate is often used in the production of cannabis-infused products such as tinctures, edibles, and vape cartridges, as it allows for precise dosing and consistent effects. Isolate is also used to create custom cannabis blends. 

Check out this documentary from PBS for more information.

What are the benefits of full spectrum cannabis versus not?

Full spectrum cannabis products contain a wide range of cannabinoids, terpenes, and other plant compounds. Non-full spectrum products are typically more refined and may contain only specific cannabinoids or other components. Here are some potential benefits of full spectrum cannabis products compared to non-full spectrum products:

Entourage effect

Cannabis products contain different cannabinoids and terpenes that work together to produce the entourage effect. This means that these compounds can enhance each other’s effects and provide a more complete and well-rounded therapeutic experience.

More complete therapeutic experience

Due to the range of different compounds, full spectrum products may provide a more complete therapeutic experience. This may be especially true for conditions that require a range of different cannabinoids and terpenes to be effective.

Potentially more effective

Some research suggests that full spectrum products may be more effective than isolated compounds or synthetic alternatives. This may be due to the entourage effect and other factors.

Less processed

Full spectrum products are typically less processed than non-full spectrum products. This is because they contain the whole cannabis plant. This may be beneficial for people who prefer a more natural and holistic approach to cannabis medicine.

More natural flavor and aroma

Full spectrum products often have a more natural flavor and aroma than non-full spectrum products. This is because of their high content of different terpenes and other plant compounds. This contributes to the overall taste and smell of the product.

What are the benefits of non-full spectrum products?

Non-full spectrum products do not contain the full range of compounds found in the whole cannabis plant. Here are some potential benefits of non-full spectrum cannabis products compared to full spectrum products:

Precise dosing

These types of products can allow for more precise dosing of specific cannabinoids, such as CBD or THC. This can be especially useful for people who require a specific dose of a particular cannabinoid for their condition.

Reduced psychoactive effects

Isolated cannabinoid products may be beneficial for people who are sensitive to the psychoactive effects of THC. Many of these products can contain higher levels of other cannabinoids such as CBD, CBG, or CBN.


Broad spectrum cannabis products can be more consistent in terms of cannabinoid content and quality. They are often produced under more controlled conditions.


Oftentimes, products without a broad spectrum of cannabinoids can be more convenient to use than full spectrum products. This is because they may be available in more standardized forms such as capsules, tinctures, or topical creams.

No risk of contamination

Isolated products may be less likely to contain contaminants such as pesticides or heavy metals. This is because they are often produced under more controlled conditions and with higher standards of quality control.

Note that non-full spectrum products may not provide the same range of therapeutic benefits as full spectrum products. This is due to the lack of the entourage effect and other factors. As with any cannabis product, the right product depends on individual needs and preferences. As always consult with a healthcare professional.

How to make full spectrum products at home


Before making any cannabis product, you need to decarboxylate your cannabis, which is the process of heating it to activate the cannabinoids. To do this, preheat your oven to 220-240°F (105-115°C). Grind your cannabis and spread it evenly on a baking sheet. Bake for 30-45 minutes, stirring occasionally, until it is lightly browned and fragrant.


The simplest method for making full spectrum cannabis products at home without the use of solvents involves infusing a carrier oil such as coconut, olive, or MCT oil with decarboxylated cannabis. Start by placing the cannabis and oil in a mason jar and heating it in a water bath or slow cooker for several hours, then straining out the plant material. This will produce a full spectrum cannabis oil. Uses for this are endless.


Once you have your full spectrum cannabis oil, you can use it to make a variety of different products, such as edibles, tinctures, or topicals. For edibles, you can simply mix the oil with a fat such as butter or oil and use it in your favorite recipe. For tinctures, you can mix the oil with a high-proof alcohol such as Everclear and let it steep for several weeks, then strain out the plant material. For topicals, you can mix the oil with a carrier oil such as coconut or olive oil and use it as a massage oil or skin balm.

What are some products designed to help make cannabis oil?

There are several products on the market that are specifically designed to help make cannabis oil. Here are a few examples:

MagicalButter Machine

This countertop appliance infuse herbs into butter, oil, and tinctures. It has a built-in heating unit and a blender that agitates the mixture to help extract the active ingredients from the cannabis plant.

Source Turbo

Source Turbo is a compact vacuum distillation unit that quickly and efficiently extract essentials oils from herbs, including cannabis. It uses a low-heat distillation process to preserve the integrity of the plant compounds.

Ardent Nova

The Ardent Nova is a decarboxylator that activates the cannabinoids in cannabis without burning the plant material. The Ardent Nova can decarboxylate and infuse cannabis into oil or butter for edibles and topicals.

Rosin Press

A rosin press uses heat and pressure to extract cannabis oil from the plant material. It is a popular option for those who prefer solventless extraction methods.

Infusion Kits

Many companies sell infusion kits that include all the necessary tools and instructions for making cannabis oil at home. These kits typically include items such as a decarboxylator, infusion bags, and a cooking vessel.

Here are a few books about full spectrum cannabis that you might find interesting:

“The Cannabis Manifesto: A New Paradigm for Wellness” by Steve DeAngelo

DeAngelo explores the medicinal and therapeutic properties of cannabis and makes the case for full spectrum cannabis as the most effective form of treatment.

“Cannabis Pharmacy: The Practical Guide to Medical Marijuana” by Michael Backes

Backes provides an in-depth look at the different strains of cannabis and their medicinal properties. It also includes a section on full spectrum cannabis and its benefits for treating specific conditions.

“The Medical Cannabis Guidebook: The Definitive Guide to Using and Growing Medicinal Marijuana” by Jeff Ditchfield 

Ditchfield’s comprehensive guide to using and growing cannabis for medicinal purposes. It includes a section on full spectrum cannabis and its potential as a treatment for a variety of medical conditions.

Substance Market is Here For You!

Stop into any of our stores to check our some of our products. You can also check any of our menus here.

Additionally, you can find more information on the vendors we work with here.

Substance offers online ordering and curbside pickup for dabs and other fine products at all dispensary locations throughout Bend, OR and now at our newest location in Cottage Grove, OR.

Oregon Cannabis Taxes

How Cannabis Taxes Work in Oregon

In Oregon, both the retail and wholesale sale of cannabis products are subject to taxes. Here’s how the tax system works:

State tax on retail sales

There is a 17% state tax on the retail sale of cannabis products. Oregon state cannabis taxes apply to the final sale price paid by the consumer, including any local taxes.

Local tax on retail sales

Some cities and counties in Oregon may also levy a local tax on the retail sale of cannabis products. This tax is usually 3% or less.

Tax on wholesale transactions

There is also a tax on wholesale transactions between cannabis businesses. Wholesale transactions are subject to taxation of $1.26 per gram of flower, $0.50 per gram of leaves, and $0.70 per gram of immature plants.

Medical cannabis

Medical cannabis patients in Oregon are exempt from the state’s retail sales tax. They are still subject to the wholesale tax. Medical dispensaries also have different tax rates than retail dispensaries.

Tax collection

All cannabis businesses in Oregon must register with the Oregon Department of Revenue. Cannabis businesses collect and remit the appropriate taxes on a monthly basis.
The revenue generated from cannabis taxes in Oregon goes to fund a variety of programs and services. This includes education, drug treatment and prevention, law enforcement, and public health.

How is the tax rate on cannabis determined in Oregon?

In Oregon, taxes depend on the type of product and whether it’s sold at the retail or wholesale level.
Cannabis is subject to a 17% state sales tax. Additionally there may be a local tax of up to 3%.
At the wholesale level, cannabis is subject to a 17% state tax. which is based on the average market price of the product. This tax is paid by the producer or distributor, who may pass some or all the cost on to the retailer.
These tax rates are determined by the Oregon Liquor Control Commission, which oversees the state’s cannabis industry. The Commission may adjust tax rates periodically based on market conditions and other factors.

Can the tax rate change?

Yes, the tax rates on cannabis in Oregon can change. The Oregon Liquor Control Commission has the authority to adjust the tax rates based on market conditions, changes in the cost of production, or other factors that may affect the industry.
In 2020 the Commission reduced the wholesale tax rate from 17% to 17 cents per gram for cannabis flower. Additionally they lowered cannabis extracts from 10% to 1 cent per milligram. This temporary reduction provided some relief to cannabis businesses affected by the COVID-19 pandemic.
Additionally, local governments in Oregon have the option to levy an extra tax of up to 3% on cannabis sales. If a local government chooses to impose a tax, they may adjust the rate as needed.
The tax rates on cannabis in Oregon may be subject to change over time, depending on various factors that impact the industry.

Impacts of Cannabis Taxes in Oregon

In Oregon, the taxation of cannabis has a significant impact on the state’s economy and the cannabis industry. Here are a few ways that cannabis taxes are affecting Oregon:

Revenue Generation

Cannabis taxes are a significant source of revenue for the state of Oregon. The taxes collected from the sale of cannabis products fund various state programs and initiatives, including education, health care, and public safety. As the cannabis industry continues to grow, so does the amount of tax revenue generated.

Price Stability

Cannabis taxes are also having an impact on the price of cannabis products in Oregon. Higher taxes can result in higher prices for consumers, which can make it more difficult for some people to access the products they need. At the same time, the taxes help to regulate the market and prevent price instability, which can be beneficial for both consumers and businesses.


The taxation of cannabis in Oregon is also affecting competition within the industry. Higher taxes can make it more difficult for smaller, independent businesses to compete with larger, established companies. This can lead to a consolidation of the industry, which can have negative consequences for consumers and small businesses.

Black Market

Finally, cannabis taxes can also have an impact on the black market for cannabis in Oregon. High taxes can make it more difficult for consumers to access legal cannabis products, which can drive them to seek out products from the black market. This can be detrimental to the state’s economy and public health, as black market products are not regulated or tested for safety.
public service
Photo by Sigmund on Unsplash

How are these taxes used?

In Oregon, revenue from cannabis taxes go to several different funds and programs, including the following:

The Common School Fund

40% of cannabis tax revenue goes to the Common School Fund, which supports K-12 public schools in the state. The money goes to to school districts based on enrollment.

Mental Health, Alcoholism, and Drug Services Account

20% of cannabis tax revenue goes to this account. This supports mental health, alcohol and drug abuse prevention and treatment, and related services.

State Police Account

15% of cannabis tax revenue goes to the State Police Account. This funds the state police’s efforts to regulate and enforce the cannabis industry.

Local Government Distributions

10% of cannabis tax revenue goes to cities and counties based on their percentage of licensed cannabis businesses.

Oregon Health Authority Account

5% of cannabis tax revenue goes to the Oregon Health Authority Account. This funds research, education, and other programs related to public health and cannabis.

Statewide Behavioral Health Services

5% of cannabis tax revenue goes to the Statewide Behavioral Health Services account. This provides support for community mental health programs and crisis intervention services.
Oregon Liquor Control Commission
5% of cannabis tax revenue goes to the Oregon Liquor Control Commission. This regulates and enforces the state’s cannabis laws and oversees the licensing of cannabis businesses.
It’s worth noting that these percentages may change the over time. Specific allocation of cannabis tax revenue may vary based on the state’s changing needs and priorities.


Since the legalization of cannabis in Oregon in 2015, the state has collected a significant amount of revenue from cannabis taxes. According to the Oregon Department of Revenue, the total amounts of cannabis tax revenue collected by the state in recent years are:
  • In the 2016-2017 fiscal year, the state collected $60.2 million in cannabis tax revenue.
  • In the 2017-2018 fiscal year, the state collected $82 million in cannabis tax revenue.
  • In the 2018-2019 fiscal year, the state collected $102.4 million in cannabis tax revenue.
  • In the 2019-2020 fiscal year, the state collected $133.8 million in cannabis tax revenue.
It’s worth noting that the amount of revenue collected from cannabis taxes in Oregon has increased since legalization.
In conclusion, the taxation of cannabis in Oregon is having a significant impact on the state’s economy and the cannabis industry. While higher taxes can generate revenue and regulate the market, they can also create challenges for consumers, businesses, and the state’s efforts to end the black market. The state will need to consider the trade-offs involved in taxing cannabis and find a balance that benefits everyone.

What has cannabis tax revenue funded?

Here are some specific examples of projects and initiatives funded by cannabis tax revenue in Oregon:


  • The Oregon Health Authority has funded a campaign to educate youth and adults about the risks of cannabis use. This includes the effects on the developing brain and the dangers of driving while under the influence of cannabis.
  • The OLCC has partnered with the Oregon Department of Education to provide training and resources to teachers and school administrators on cannabis and its effects.

Law enforcement:

  • The OLCC uses cannabis tax revenue to fund investigations and enforcement actions against illicit cannabis operations in the state.
  • The Oregon State Police have received funding to buy equipment and technology to detect impaired driving, including drug recognition experts and breath testing devices.

Mental health and addiction services:

  • The Oregon Health Authority has used cannabis tax revenue to support community-based mental health and substance abuse treatment programs.
  • The OLCC has partnered with the Oregon Health Authority to provide grants to local health departments and community organizations to support substance abuse prevention and treatment.

Economic development:

  • The City of Portland has used cannabis tax revenue to create a grant program to support small businesses in the cannabis industry, including dispensaries, processors, and cultivators.
  • The Oregon Department of Agriculture has received funding to support research on hemp and the development of new hemp-based products.

Health care:

  • The Oregon Health Authority has used cannabis tax revenue to fund the Oregon Medical Marijuana Program, which provides access to medical cannabis for qualifying patients.
  • The OLCC has partnered with the Oregon Health Authority to provide funding for research on the effects of cannabis on health and wellness.

Negative effects of tax rates

Higher prices

The taxes on cannabis have contributed to higher prices for consumers. This can make legal cannabis less affordable than black market cannabis. This may encourage some consumers to continue to buy cannabis through illegal channels.

Impact on small businesses

Higher taxes can affect smaller cannabis businesses. Small businesses may struggle to compete with larger, more established companies that can absorb the costs. This can create a barrier to entry for new businesses and limit competition within the industry.

Reduced revenue for the state

In some cases, high taxes on cannabis can actually result in reduced revenue for the state. If the taxes make legal cannabis too expensive, it can encourage consumers to turn to the black market instead, which means the state misses out on potential tax revenue.

Stigmatization of cannabis

High tax rates on cannabis can also contribute to the stigmatization of cannabis use. Some people may view the high taxes as a way of penalizing or punishing cannabis users, which can reinforce negative stereotypes about cannabis and its users.
While the taxes on cannabis have provided significant revenue for the state of Oregon, it is important to consider the potential negative effects. Minimizing negative effects is essential to create a sustainable and fair cannabis industry.

Oregon’s Tax Rates vs Other Legal States

The tax rates on cannabis vary widely among the states where it is legal. Here is an overview of the tax rates in some of the most populous legal states:


Cannabis is subject to a 15% excise tax at the retail level, as well as a cultivation tax of $9.25 per ounce of flowers and $2.75 per ounce of leaves. Some cities and counties in California also impose extra taxes on cannabis.


Cannabis is subject to a 15% tax at the wholesale level, and 15% sales tax at the retail level. Local governments in Colorado may also impose extra taxes on cannabis.


Cannabis is subject to a 7% gross receipts tax at the retail level, besides state and local sales taxes. The state also imposes a cultivation tax of $7 per ounce of flowers and $1 per ounce of leaves.


Cannabis is subject to a 10.75% excise tax at the retail level, as well as state and local sales taxes. Cities and towns in Massachusetts may also impose extra taxes on cannabis.


Cannabis is subject to a 10% excise tax at the retail level, besides state and local sales taxes. The state also imposes a 6% sales tax on cannabis.


Cannabis is subject to a 15% tax at the wholesale level, and 10% sales tax at the retail level. Local governments in Nevada may also impose extra taxes on cannabis.
It’s worth noting that the tax rates and structure can vary between states. These rates may change over time as the industry evolves and states adjust their policies.

How you can make a difference in Oregon

If someone wants to get involved with Oregon’s cannabis tax rate, there are several ways they can do so:

Contact your local legislators

The best way to make your voice heard is to contact your local legislators. You can find your state senator and representative on the Oregon State Legislature website. Send them an email or call their office to express your opinions on the cannabis tax rate.

Attend legislative hearings

You can attend legislative hearings on the cannabis tax rate to learn more about the issue and express your opinions. You can find information about upcoming hearings on the Oregon State Legislature website.

Join advocacy groups

There are several advocacy groups in Oregon that work on cannabis related issues. Joining these groups can provide opportunities to stay informed about legislative developments. Some examples of advocacy groups include Oregon NORML, the Oregon Cannabis Association, and the Oregon Retailers of Cannabis Association.
You can find more information about these groups on our blog about the pioneers of modern cannabis here.

Submit written testimony

You can submit written testimony to the Oregon State Legislature on the cannabis tax rate. The Oregon State Legislature website provides instructions on how to submit written testimony. This includes deadlines and guidelines for formatting and content.
By getting involved and making your voice heard, you can help shape Oregon’s cannabis tax rate. Together we can ensure that it reflects the needs and interests of the community.
If you’re interested in more information on how to make a difference, we strongly encourage you to read our blog about the Oregon cannabis equity act here.

Substance Market is Here For You!

Stop into any of our stores to check our some of our products. You can also check any of our menus here.

Additionally, you can find more information on the vendors we work with here.

Substance offers online ordering and curbside pickup for dabs and other fine products at all dispensary locations throughout Bend, OR and now at our newest location in Cottage Grove, OR.

Cannabis Tolerance

What is a tolerance to cannabis?

Cannabis tolerance refers to the body’s ability to adapt to the effects of cannabis over time. This can result in a diminished response to the drug. Individuals who use cannabis often may need higher doses to achieve the same effects.
Tolerance develops because of changes in the brain’s receptors involved in processing cannabis. This can happen with any form of cannabis use; smoking, vaping, or consuming edibles.
It’s important to note that tolerance can increase the risk of developing dependence to cannabis. Regular users may experience withdrawal symptoms when they stop using cannabis. Individuals who use cannabis often should do so in moderation and take frequent breaks.
tolerance to smoking
Photo by Jeff W on Unsplash

Cannabis tolerance myths debunked

Cannabis tolerance is entirely based on frequency of use

It is true that regular cannabis use can lead to a build-up of tolerance over time. Yet, other factors such as genetics, body weight, and metabolism can also play a role in one’s tolerance to cannabis.

Increasing cannabis use will always lead to a higher tolerance

This is not entirely true. Some individuals may experience an increase in sensitivity to cannabis over time.

Smoking more cannabis will always result in a stronger high

 This is not always the case. The amount of THC in each individual cannabis strain can vary widely. Other factors such as delivery method and individual physiology can also affect intensity.

All cannabis products have the same potency

 This is not true. The potency of cannabis products varies. Factors include strain, growing conditions, and processing methods used. We actually covered this in our blog here.
It’s important to remember that everyone’s experience with cannabis tolerance can be different, and influences include variety of factors. Consulting with a healthcare provider or cannabis specialist can help individuals better understand their own tolerance and how to use cannabis safely and effectively.

How does the method of consumption affect tolerance?

The tolerances for cannabis can vary depending on the method of consumption. When you smoke cannabis, the effects are usually felt within a few minutes and reach their peak in about 30 minutes to an hour. The effects of smoked cannabis typically last for 2-4 hours.
When you consume cannabis edibles, however, the effects take longer to set in, usually about 30 minutes to an hour, and can last for several hours, up to 8 hours or more. This is because when consuming cannabis orally, the liver metabolizes it before it enters the bloodstream. The liver converts delta-9-THC, the primary psychoactive compound in cannabis, into 11-hydroxy-THC, which is more potent and has a longer-lasting effect.
Because of these differences in onset and duration of effects, it’s possible for an individual to develop a higher tolerance for smoking cannabis than for consuming edibles, or vice versa. However, it’s important to note that tolerance can develop with any method of consumption, and regular cannabis use can lead to tolerance regardless of the method used.

What can affect a person’s tolerance to smoking cannabis?

Several factors can affect an individual’s tolerance to smoking cannabis, including:


Some people may be genetically predisposed to have a higher or lower tolerance to cannabis.

Frequency of use

Regular and frequent use of cannabis can lead to the development of tolerance over time.


Higher doses of cannabis can lead to a faster development of tolerance.

Method of consumption

The method of consumption can affect the onset and duration of the effects of cannabis, which can in turn affect the development of tolerance.

Strain and potency

Different strains of cannabis can have different levels of potency, which can affect an individual’s tolerance.

Age and gender

Younger individuals and females may be more sensitive to the effects of cannabis and may develop tolerance more slowly.

Body composition and metabolism

Individuals with higher body fat may metabolize cannabis slower, which can lead to a higher tolerance.
It’s important to note that the development of tolerance is a natural response to repeated exposure to cannabis. It is not necessarily an sign of problematic use. Tolerance can increase the risk of dependence and addiction. It’s important to use cannabis responsibly and in moderation.
tolerance edibles
Photo by Margo Amala on Unsplash

Why is your edible tolerance different from your smoking tolerance?

Edible tolerance differs from smoking tolerance because of how the body processes THC.
When smoking, THC enters the bloodstream quickly through the lungs and is rapidly transported to the brain. This results in a faster onset of effects, and typically a shorter duration of effects. Smoking cannabis may also lead to a more gradual build-up of tolerance over time.
Orally consuming cannabis can produce more intense and longer-lasting effects. This is because the liver converts THC into 11-hydroxy-THC. This cannabinoid can pass through the blood-brain barrier easier and produce stronger effects. This means edible and smoking tolerances are not equal. Tolerance to edibles may build quicker because of the stronger and longer-lasting effects.

How does my body store cannabis?

After consumption, the active compounds, such as THC, are absorbed by the bloodstream and distributed throughout the body. THC is highly lipophilic, meaning it has an affinity for fat, which allows it to accumulate in fatty tissues throughout the body, including the brain.
Once THC enters the bloodstream, it can bind to cannabinoid receptors in the brain and other organs, producing a range of effects, such as altered mood, perception, and cognition, as well as pain relief and relaxation.
After being metabolized by the liver, THC is broken down into metabolites, some of which are stored in fat cells. These metabolites can remain in the body for weeks or even months after cannabis use, which is why THC can be detected in drug tests long after someone has consumed cannabis.
Over time, the body gradually eliminates THC and its metabolites through a process called metabolism. Metabolism involves breaking down and excreting these compounds through the liver, kidneys, and other organs. Factors that can affect the rate of metabolism include the frequency and amount of cannabis use, body weight, and genetics.
tolerance and exercise
Photo by Jenny Hill on Unsplash

How can exercising affect my cannabis tolerance?

Regular exercise can have an impact on cannabis tolerance, although the exact mechanisms are not fully understood. Here are a few possible ways that exercising may affect cannabis tolerance:

Increased metabolism

Exercise can increase the body’s metabolic rate, which may speed up the breakdown and elimination of THC and its metabolites from the body. This could lead to a decrease in tolerance over time, as the body becomes more efficient at clearing THC from the system.

Improved cardiovascular function

Regular exercise can also improve cardiovascular function, including blood flow and heart rate. This may enhance the body’s ability to transport THC and its metabolites to the liver and kidneys for elimination.

Increased endocannabinoid production

Exercise can also stimulate the production of endocannabinoids, which are naturally occurring compounds in the body that bind to the same receptors as THC. It’s possible that increased endocannabinoid production could lead to a decrease in THC tolerance, although more research is needed to confirm this.
It’s worth noting that while exercise may have a positive impact on cannabis tolerance, it’s important to approach exercise and cannabis use responsibly. Mixing cannabis with exercise or engaging in strenuous exercise while under the influence of cannabis can increase the risk of injury or other negative outcomes. It’s always a good idea to talk to a healthcare provider before starting a new exercise program or making significant changes to your cannabis use.

How can I lower my cannabis tolerance?

There are several ways to lower your tolerance to cannabis, including:

Taking a break

The most effective way to lower your tolerance to cannabis is to take a break from using it. This allows your body to reset and become more sensitive to the effects of the drug again. A break of at least a few days or up to several weeks can be helpful.

Reducing the frequency of use

Using cannabis less frequently can help prevent the development of tolerance or slow its progression.

Reducing the dose

Lowering the amount of cannabis you consume can also help reduce your tolerance over time.

Switching up strains

Trying different strains of cannabis with different levels of potency can help prevent the development of tolerance or reduce it if it has already developed.

Changing the method of consumption

Switching to a different method of consumption, such as from smoking to vaping or edibles, can help lower your tolerance.

Incorporating a tolerance break schedule

To prevent tolerance from developing, consider implementing a schedule of taking breaks every few weeks to a month to allow your body to reset.
It’s important to note that tolerance to cannabis can develop quickly, and it’s important to use cannabis responsibly and in moderation to prevent the negative consequences of overuse. Additionally, if you are concerned about your cannabis use or are experiencing negative effects, it’s important to speak with a healthcare professional.

What is a cannabis detox?

Cannabis detox, also known as marijuana detox, is the process of eliminating tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) from the body after prolonged or heavy cannabis use. THC is the main psychoactive compound found in cannabis, and it can remain in the body for days or even weeks after use.
Cannabis detox usually involves abstaining from cannabis use and allowing the body to naturally eliminate THC through the urine and feces. Depending on the frequency and duration of cannabis use, detox can take several days to several weeks.
Some people may experience withdrawal symptoms during cannabis detox, including irritability, anxiety, depression, insomnia, and decreased appetite. However, these symptoms are typically mild and short-lived, and can be managed with proper support and medical care.
tolerance decrease by drinking more water
Photo by Nigel Msipa on Unsplash

How does someone do a cannabis detox?

A cannabis detox typically involves abstaining from cannabis use and allowing the body to naturally eliminate THC and its metabolites from the system. Here are some steps that someone can take to support their body’s natural detox process:

Stop using cannabis

The first step in a cannabis detox is to stop using cannabis. This may involve gradually tapering off use over time or quitting cold turkey, depending on the individual’s level of dependence.

Drink plenty of water

Drinking water can help flush THC and its metabolites out of the body. Aim to drink at least eight 8-ounce glasses of water per day.

Exercise regularly

Regular exercise can boost the body’s metabolic rate and help accelerate the detox process. Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise, such as brisk walking, jogging, or cycling, per day.

Eat a healthy diet

Eating a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean protein can provide the nutrients the body needs to support the detox process. Avoid processed foods, sugary drinks, and alcohol, as these can be taxing on the liver and slow down the detox process.

Get plenty of rest

Getting adequate rest and sleep can help the body recover from cannabis use and support the detox process.
It’s important to note that the length of time it takes for THC and its metabolites to clear from the body can vary depending on factors such as the frequency and amount of cannabis use, body weight, and metabolism. In some cases, THC and its metabolites may remain detectable in the body for several weeks or even months after cannabis use has stopped. If you have concerns about a cannabis detox or are experiencing symptoms such as cravings or withdrawal, it’s important to seek support from a healthcare provider or addiction specialist.

How long does THC stay in your system?

The length of time that THC (the primary psychoactive compound in cannabis) stays in someone’s system depends on a number of factors, including the individual’s frequency and amount of cannabis use, body weight, metabolism, and method of drug testing. Here are some general guidelines for how long THC can be detected in various forms of drug testing:

Urine testing

THC and its metabolites can be detected in urine for up to 30 days after last use for frequent and heavy users, but typically up to 2 weeks for occasional users. Urine tests are the most common form of drug testing.

Blood testing

THC can be detected in the blood for up to 36 hours after last use.

Saliva testing

THC can be detected in saliva for up to 72 hours after last use.

Hair testing

THC can be detected in hair for up to 90 days or longer after last use. This form of testing is less common but can provide a longer-term view of cannabis use.
It’s important to note that these are general guidelines and that individual results may vary based on factors such as age, body fat percentage, and other health conditions. Additionally, some forms of cannabis (such as edibles or concentrates) can have a longer-lasting effect than smoking, which can affect how long THC stays in the body.

Why should we remove cannabis from drug tests?


With the increasing legalization of cannabis in many parts of the world, drug testing for cannabis may be seen as outdated or unnecessary. In jurisdictions where cannabis is legal for medical or recreational use, testing for cannabis can be seen as a violation of an individual’s privacy and rights.

Medicinal use

Cannabis has been shown to have therapeutic benefits for a variety of conditions, including chronic pain, anxiety, and seizures. Testing for cannabis on drug tests may prevent individuals who use cannabis for medicinal purposes from obtaining employment or other opportunities.

Inaccurate results

Drug tests for cannabis can be inaccurate and unreliable, particularly when it comes to detecting THC in urine or blood. This is because THC can stay in the body for an extended period, even after the effects have worn off. This means that someone who has used cannabis in the past may test positive for THC even if they are not currently impaired.


Drug testing for cannabis can perpetuate discrimination against individuals who use cannabis recreationally or medicinally. This is particularly true for communities of color, who are more likely to be targeted by drug testing policies despite similar rates of cannabis use compared to white communities.

Performance-based testing

Some argue that drug testing should focus on performance-based measures rather than testing for specific substances. This would allow employers and other organizations to assess an individual’s ability to perform specific tasks or duties, rather than their past or current drug use. A 2019 study showed persistent cannabis use is associated with decreased cannabis impairment.
Overall, the argument for getting rid of testing for cannabis on drug tests is based on concerns around individual rights, fairness, and accuracy. As cannabis use becomes more accepted and legalized, there may be increasing pressure to reevaluate drug testing policies and move away from testing for cannabis specifically.

Substance Market is Here For You!

Stop into any of our stores to check our some of our products. You can also check any of our menus here.

Additionally, you can find more information on the vendors we work with here.

Substance offers online ordering and curbside pickup for dabs and other fine products at all dispensary locations throughout Bend, OR and now at our newest location in Cottage Grove, OR.

Women of Weed

Historic Women Of Cannabis

The history of cannabis is a long and complex one, with many individuals and groups contributing to its development and popularity over the centuries. In recent years, the cannabis industry has experienced a significant surge in growth, with many women making notable contributions to the field. In this article, we will explore some of the most prolific women in cannabis history, their accomplishments, and their impact on the industry.

Scott Sommerdorf / Atlas Obscura

Mary Jane Rathbun, a.k.a. Brownie Mary

One of the most famous women in cannabis history is Mary Jane Rathbun, also known as Brownie Mary. Rathbun was a San Francisco-based cannabis activist and baker who is best known for providing cannabis-infused brownies to AIDS patients in the 1980s.

Rathbun began her activism work in the 1970s, but it wasn’t until the AIDS epidemic hit San Francisco that she became widely known. She started baking brownies infused with cannabis and distributing them to AIDS patients in local hospitals. Her brownies not only provided relief from pain and nausea caused by AIDS and its treatments but also helped to boost the appetites of patients who were suffering from weight loss. We even wrote about here in our pride article here.

Despite being arrested three times for her cannabis-related activities, Rathbun continued to advocate for the medicinal use of cannabis. Her activism helped to bring attention to the therapeutic potential of cannabis, and she remains an inspiration to many in the cannabis community today.

Bettman Images / Biography

Alice B. Toklas

Another woman who played a significant role in cannabis history is Alice B. Toklas. Toklas was an American writer and partner of Gertrude Stein, a well-known author and art collector. In 1954, Toklas published a cookbook called “The Alice B. Toklas Cook Book,” which included a recipe for “Haschich Fudge,” a cannabis-infused dessert.

The recipe was not well-received by the public at the time, and Toklas was criticized for including it in her cookbook. However, the recipe has since become famous and is now considered an important piece of cannabis history. Today, the recipe is often used as a symbol of the cultural and political changes that have taken place in relation to cannabis in the United States.

Dina Brown / High Times

Dr. Dina Browner

Dr. Dina Browner is a prominent cannabis activist and entrepreneur who has been called the “Queen of Medical Marijuana.” Browner has been involved in the cannabis industry for more than two decades and has worked to promote the legalization and responsible use of cannabis.

Browner gained national attention when she became the cannabis consultant for the television show “Weeds,” which aired from 2005 to 2012. She has also been featured in numerous media outlets, including Rolling Stone and The New York Times.

In addition to her advocacy work, Browner is the owner of a cannabis dispensary in Los Angeles called Alternative Herbal Health Services. The dispensary has been in operation since 2004 and has won numerous awards for its high-quality cannabis products.

Mara Gordon / OC Weekly

Mara Gordon

Mara Gordon is a cannabis activist and entrepreneur who has made significant contributions to the industry. Gordon began her career as a process engineer and quickly realized the potential of cannabis as a medicine.

In 2013, Gordon founded Aunt Zelda’s, a company that produces high-quality cannabis oils and tinctures. The company specializes in creating customized cannabis treatments for patients with chronic conditions such as cancer, epilepsy, and multiple sclerosis.

Gordon is also the founder of the Zelda Therapeutics Foundation, a nonprofit organization that supports research into the therapeutic potential of cannabis. She has been recognized for her work in the industry and has been featured in numerous media outlets, including Forbes and Rolling Stone.

Dr. Sue Sisley / Cannabis Science Tech

Dr. Sue Sisley

Dr. Sue Sisley is a medical doctor and cannabis researcher who has made significant contributions to the cannabis industry. She is known for her work studying the therapeutic potential of cannabis for conditions such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Sisley’s research on cannabis and PTSD began in 2009, when she was the principal investigator in a groundbreaking study examining the effects of cannabis on military veterans with PTSD. The study was the first of its kind and helped to bring attention to the potential benefits of cannabis for PTSD patients.

Despite facing significant challenges in obtaining funding and approval for her research, Sisley continued to advocate for the study of cannabis as a treatment for PTSD. Her persistence paid off when she was awarded a $2.2 million grant from the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment in 2016 to conduct a clinical trial on the use of cannabis for PTSD in military veterans.

Sisley’s work has helped to pave the way for further research into the therapeutic potential of cannabis. She has been recognized for her contributions to the industry and has been featured in numerous media outlets, including CNN and The New York Times.

Wanda James / Wanda James Website

Wanda James

Wanda James is a cannabis entrepreneur and advocate who has been a trailblazer in the industry. She is the founder of Simply Pure, a cannabis dispensary and edibles company based in Denver, Colorado.

James began her career in the military before transitioning to the corporate world. She became involved in the cannabis industry in 2009 when she and her husband opened a dispensary in Colorado. In 2016, James became the first Black woman to own a cannabis dispensary in the United States.

In addition to her work with Simply Pure, James is also the founder of the Cannabis Global Initiative, a nonprofit organization that works to promote diversity and inclusion in the cannabis industry. She has been recognized for her contributions to the industry and has been featured in numerous media outlets, including Forbes and NBC News.

Lynne Lyman / Women Wonder Tech

Lynne Lyman

Lynne Lyman is a cannabis policy expert and advocate who has worked to reform drug laws and reduce the disproportionate impact of drug laws on communities of color. She is currently the Director of the Office of Cannabis Management for the city of Los Angeles.

Lyman began her career in drug policy in the 1990s, when she worked on a campaign to reform California’s “Three Strikes” law, which imposed harsh sentences on individuals convicted of multiple felonies. She later became involved in the cannabis industry and worked as the California state director of the Drug Policy Alliance.

In her current role, Lyman is responsible for overseeing the regulation of the cannabis industry in Los Angeles. She has been recognized for her contributions to drug policy reform and has been featured in numerous media outlets, including The Los Angeles Times and CNN.

Jazmin Hupp / Edibles Magazine

Jazmin Hupp

Jazmin Hupp is an entrepreneur and cannabis advocate who has made significant contributions to the industry. She is the founder of Women Grow, a networking organization for women in the cannabis industry.

Hupp began her career in the tech industry before transitioning to the cannabis industry in 2013. She founded Women Grow in 2014 to help women succeed in the cannabis industry and to promote gender parity in the industry.

Since its founding, Women Grow has become a leading organization in the cannabis industry, with chapters in more than 35 cities across the United States. Hupp has been recognized for her contributions to the industry and has been featured in numerous media outlets, including The New York Times and Forbes.

From activists to entrepreneurs to researchers, these women have made significant contributions to the development and growth of the industry. Their work has helped to bring attention to the therapeutic benefits of cannabis.

Oregon Women Owned Cannabis Brands

There are many cannabis brands owned by women in Oregon, reflecting the growing number of women who are making their mark in the cannabis industry. Here are a few examples:

Laurie & Mary Wolf / Laurie & Maryjane

Laurie + MaryJane

Laurie Wolf and Mary Thigpen are the co-founders of Laurie + MaryJane, a cannabis edibles company based in Portland, Oregon. The company specializes in creating artisanal edibles using high-quality ingredients and locally-sourced cannabis. P.S. If you like L+MJ edibles, Laurie has written four cannabis cookbooks.


Jill Trinchero / Leaf Magazine

She Don’t Know

She Don’t Know is a cannabis company founded by Jill Trinchero, a single mother and cannabis activist. Jill has been creating high quality edibles since 2015. 

HiFi Farms / DOPE Magazine

Hifi Farms

Hifi Farms is an Oregon-based cannabis cultivation and processing company that specializes in producing high-quality, organic cannabis. The company is owned by Sara Batterby, who has been featured in Oregon Leaf for her innovative business practices and advocacy work.

Katie Stem / Cannabis Tech Today

Peak Extracts

Peak Extracts is a cannabis company founded by Katie Stem, a biochemist and cannabis expert. The company specializes in creating cannabis-infused chocolates, tinctures, and topicals using high-quality, lab-tested cannabis oil. 

Trista Okel / Medium

Empower BodyCare

Trista Okel is the founder of Empower BodyCare, a Portland-based company that produces cannabis-infused topical products. The company’s products are designed to provide pain relief and relaxation without the psychoactive effects of THC.

Elizabeth and Nick Mahmood / Green Source Gardens

Green Source Gardens

Green Source Gardens is a cannabis farm and producer located in Southern Oregon. The company is owned and operated by wife and husband Elizabeth and Nicholas Mahmood who are committed to producing sustainable, organic cannabis using regenerative farming methods.


These are just a few examples of the many women-owned cannabis brands in Oregon. Each of these companies is unique in its approach and philosophy, but they all share a commitment to producing quality cannabis.

Famous Female Stoners


Whoopi Goldberg / SNS

Whoopi Goldberg

Whoopi Goldberg is an actress, comedian, and TV host who has been a longtime advocate for medical cannabis. In 2016, she launched a line of cannabis-infused products designed to help women manage menstrual pain and other health issues. 

If you’re interested in more information about menstruation & marijuana, check out our other blog here.

Chelsea Handler / Greenwich Times

Chelsea Handler

Chelsea Handler is a comedian and TV host who has been a vocal advocate for cannabis legalization. She has spoken publicly about her own cannabis use and has called for an end to the prohibition of the drug.

Melissa Etheridge / Cannabis Culture

Melissa Etheridge 

Melissa Etheridge is a singer and songwriter who has used cannabis to manage her own health issues. She has been a vocal advocate for medical cannabis and has even opened her own cannabis dispensary in California.

Olivia Newton-John / Cannabis Culture

Olivia Newton-John

Olivia Newton-John is an actress and singer who has used cannabis to manage her own pain and anxiety. After being diagnosed with breast cancer, Olivia opened a national dialogue about cannabis as a medical treatment.

Cannabis Literature Written by Women

There are many books about cannabis written by women, covering a wide range of topics from personal memoirs to cannabis cultivation to medical uses of cannabis. Here are some examples:

“Weed Mom: The Canna-Curious Woman’s Guide to Healthier Relaxation, Happier Parenting, and Chilling TF Out” by Danielle Simone Brand

This book is a guide for women who are curious about using cannabis as a way to manage stress and anxiety, as well as for parents who want to learn how to use cannabis responsibly. The book covers a range of topics, from the basics of cannabis to recipes for cannabis-infused foods, and includes personal anecdotes from the author’s own experiences as a “weed mom.”

“Breaking the Grass Ceiling: Women, Weed & Business” by Ashley Picillo and Lauren Devine 

This book is an exploration of the role of women in the cannabis industry, from growers to business owners to activists. The book includes interviews with women who have made significant contributions to the industry and offers insights into the challenges and opportunities facing women in this rapidly-evolving field.

“Ganja Yoga: A Practical Guide to Conscious Relaxation, Soothing Pain Relief, and Enlightened Self-Discovery” by Dee Dussault 

This book is a guide to using cannabis in combination with yoga and meditation for relaxation and pain relief. The book includes instructions for a range of yoga poses and meditations, as well as tips for choosing the right strain of cannabis and dosing properly.

“Cannabis and CBD for Health and Wellness: An Essential Guide for Using Nature’s Medicine to Relieve Stress, Anxiety, Chronic Pain, Inflammation, and More” by Aliza Sherman and Dr. June Chin

This book is a comprehensive guide to using cannabis and CBD for a variety of health conditions. It includes information on dosing, methods of consumption, and the legal and political landscape surrounding cannabis.

“Cannabis Revealed: How the World’s Most Misunderstood Plant is Healing Everything from Chronic Pain to Epilepsy” by Bonni Goldstein

This book is written by a medical doctor who specializes in cannabis-based medicine. It includes information on different strains and methods of consumption, as well as stories of patients who have successfully used cannabis to treat their health conditions.

Cooking & Recipes

“High Tea: Cannabis Cakes, Tarts, and Bakes” by Diana Isaiou

This cookbook includes more than 50 recipes for cannabis-infused baked goods, as well as information on dosing and cannabis strains.

“Mary Jane: The Complete Marijuana Handbook for Women” by Cheri Sicard

This book is a comprehensive guide to using cannabis as a woman, covering topics such as menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause. It includes information on different strains and methods of consumption, as well as recipes for cannabis-infused foods and drinks.

“The Cannabis Kitchen Cookbook: Feel-Good Food for Home Cooks” by Robyn Griggs Lawrence

This cookbook includes more than 100 recipes for cannabis-infused foods and drinks, as well as information on dosing and cannabis strains.

“The Art of Weed Butter: A Step-by-Step Guide to Becoming a Cannabutter Master by Mennlay Golokeh Aggrey

This book is a guide to making your own cannabis-infused butter, which can be used in a variety of recipes. The book includes step-by-step instructions for infusing butter with cannabis, as well as tips for dosing and cooking with cannabutter.

“Cannabis Pharmacy: The Practical Guide to Medical Marijuana” by Danielle Guercio 

This book is a comprehensive guide to using cannabis for medical purposes. It covers a wide range of topics, from the science of cannabis to different methods of consumption to specific medical conditions that can be treated with cannabis. The book also includes recipes for cannabis-infused foods and tips for making your own cannabis-based remedies.

Photo by CoWomen on Unsplash

Female Led Cannabis Podcasts

  1. “Weed + Grub” – Hosted by Mary Jane Gibson and Mike Glazer, this podcast covers a wide range of topics related to cannabis, including news, culture, cooking, and wellness. It has gained a large following due to its entertaining and informative approach.
  2. “The Cannabis Show” – Hosted by Kate and Hart, this podcast offers news, education, and interviews related to the cannabis industry. It is one of the most popular podcasts in Canada and has a loyal following of listeners.
  3. “The Roll-Up” – Hosted by Bruce Barcott, Alyssa Yeoman, and Hannah Staton, this podcast covers news and culture related to cannabis. It has gained a large following due to its engaging hosts and informative content.
  4. “The Green Rush” – Hosted by Anne Donohoe and Lewis Goldberg, this podcast offers news and analysis related to the cannabis industry. It is one of the most popular podcasts in the business category and has gained a reputation for its insightful interviews and analysis.
  5. “High Friends” – Hosted by April Pride, this podcast focuses on the social aspects of cannabis use and features interviews with industry insiders, entrepreneurs, and enthusiasts.
  6. “She Blaze” – Hosted by Dasheeda Dawson, this podcast explores the intersection of cannabis and business, social justice, and women’s health.
  7. “The Mary Jane Experience” – Hosted by Casey Jones and Jacqui Childs, this podcast covers a wide range of topics related to cannabis, from health and wellness to social justice and politics.
  8. “The Cannabis Enigma” – Hosted by Dr. Regina Nelson, this podcast takes a scientific approach to understanding the therapeutic properties of cannabis and explores its potential to treat a variety of health conditions.
  9. “Cannabis Heals Me” – Hosted by Rachel Kennerly, this podcast features personal stories from people who have used cannabis to treat chronic health conditions.
  10. “Great Moments in Weed History with Abdullah and Bean” – Hosted by Abdullah Saeed and Bean, this podcast explores the rich history of cannabis and its impact on culture, politics, and society. It has gained a large following due to its engaging hosts and unique approach to storytelling.

Substance Market Supports Women in Cannabis

We support as many minority owned companies as we can in our industry. Substance partners with many different minority companies to bring you the best cannabis, made by people who genuinely care about what they’re producing. Stop into any of our stores to check our some of our products. You can also check any of our menus here.

Additionally, you can find more information on the vendors we work with here.

Happy Women’s Month from Substance Market!

Substance offers online ordering and curbside pickup for dabs and other fine products at all dispensary locations throughout Bend, OR and now at our newest location in Cottage Grove, OR.

Organic: An Outlawed Word in the Cannabis Industry

A Brief History of Organic in the Cannabis Industry

The cannabis industry uses “organic” in the same way as other agricultural industries. “Organic” refers to a system of farming that relies on natural inputs. Compost and cover crops instead of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides. Organic agriculture values sustainability, conservation, and ecological diversity. The goal is to reduce the use of synthetic inputs and maximize the use of natural resources.
The organic farming movement emerged around 1940-1950. Many had concerns about the negative environmental and health impacts of industrial agriculture. In 1972, the USDA established the National Organic Program (NOP). Their task was to develop national standards for organic agriculture. These standards updated in 2000. Today the NOP handles certifying organic farms and products and enforcing organic standards.
In the cannabis industry, the use of the term “organic” has become more important. As legalization has spread and demand for high-quality, sustainable products has grown. The legality of cannabis at the federal level has complicated the issue of organic certification. Some states have created their own certifications, but have not been accepted nation-wide. The USDA has not yet established federal organic standards for the crops.
As a result, the term “organic” is often used in the cannabis industry in a more informal sense, to refer to products that are produced using sustainable, environmentally friendly, and pesticide-free practices. To ensure the quality and safety of cannabis products, many states require testing for potency and contaminants, regardless of whether the product is labeled as organic or not. Overall, the use of the term “organic” in the cannabis industry reflects a growing consumer demand for sustainably produced, environmentally friendly products.

Why Can’t the Word Organic Be Used in Legal Cannabis?

The word “organic” cannot be used to describe cannabis products in the United States because cannabis is still classified as a Schedule I controlled substance under federal law. This classification makes it illegal to grow, sell, or possess cannabis in any form, including for medical or recreational purposes.

As a result, the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) does not have the authority to regulate or certify cannabis as organic. The USDA’s National Organic Program (NOP) sets the standards for what can be labeled as organic, and only products that are grown and processed in accordance with these standards are eligible to bear the USDA organic seal.

In order for cannabis to be considered organic, it would need to be legalized at the federal level, which would allow the USDA to establish standards for the organic production of cannabis and certify products as organic. Until this happens, the term “organic” cannot legally be used to describe cannabis in the United States.

While the absence of a federal organic standard for cannabis has led some growers and producers to use alternative labels and certification programs, it is important to be aware that these labels may not be recognized by the USDA or have the same level of credibility as the USDA organic seal.

Cannabis in the Sunlight
Cannabis in the Sun / David Garbric

Organic Cannabis & Legalization

The word “organic” is tied to cannabis legalization in a few ways:

Organic cannabis cultivation is becoming more popular as legalization expands: With the legalization of cannabis in many states, there is a growing demand for organic cannabis products. Many cannabis growers are choosing to cultivate their plants using organic methods in order to meet this demand and appeal to consumers who prioritize organic products.

Organic cannabis products are subject to regulation: In some states, cannabis products that are labeled as “organic” are subject to regulation by state organic certification programs. These programs ensure that organic cannabis products meet specific standards for organic production, such as the use of natural inputs and the avoidance of synthetic pesticides and fertilizers.

Organic cannabis cultivation can be seen as aligned with the goals of cannabis legalization: The legalization of cannabis is often framed as a way to promote a more natural, plant-based approach to medicine and recreation. Organic cultivation methods align with this goal by prioritizing the use of natural inputs and promoting soil health and biodiversity.

Overall, the word “organic” is becoming increasingly tied to cannabis legalization as consumers seek out natural, sustainable products and growers respond to this demand by using organic cultivation methods.

How to Find Weed Grown With Organic Practices in Oregon

In Oregon, there are several certifications for cannabis that signify healthy and organic growing practices. Some of the most recognized certifications include:

Clean Green Certified 

This certification is based on the USDA National Organic Program (NOP) standards and is specifically designed for the cannabis industry. It verifies that the product has been grown using sustainable, natural and organic practices.

Certified Kind

This is a soil-to-oil certification program that verifies that the product is grown using organic and sustainable methods. The certification is based on a set of rigorous standards that cover every aspect of the cultivation process, from seed to harvest.

Dragonfly Earth Medicine

This certification is based on regenerative farming practices that focus on building healthy soil, reducing waste, and conserving water. It verifies that the product is grown using only natural inputs and no synthetic pesticides or fertilizers.

Oregon Tilth Certified Organic

This is a USDA-accredited certification that verifies that the product has been grown using organic methods. It covers all aspects of the cultivation process, from seed to harvest.

Sun+Earth Certified

This certification verifies that the product has been grown using regenerative and sustainable practices. It focuses on the use of renewable energy, conservation of water and soil, and fair labor practices.

By seeking out cannabis products that carry these certifications, you can be confident that the product was grown using healthy and sustainable methods.

Photo by CDC on Unsplash

What Are Oregon’s Cannabis Testing Requirements?

Oregon has strict testing requirements for cannabis products sold in the state. Here are some of the key requirements:

Pesticide Testing 

All cannabis products sold in Oregon must be tested for pesticides. This includes both inhalable and ingestible products.

Potency Testing 

Cannabis products must be tested for THC and CBD levels to ensure that they meet state requirements.

Microbial Testing

Cannabis products must be tested for certain types of bacteria and fungi that can be harmful to human health.

Moisture Content Testing

Cannabis flower and other plant material must be tested for moisture content to ensure that it is safe for consumption and does not contain harmful levels of mold or other contaminants.

Water Activity Testing 

Water activity testing is required for edible and other cannabis-infused products to ensure that they are shelf-stable and safe for consumption.

Residual Solvent Testing 

Concentrates and other cannabis products that are made using solvents must be tested for residual solvents to ensure that they do not contain harmful levels of these substances.

Terpene Testing

Optional terpene testing is also available, which can provide additional information about the flavor and aroma of cannabis products.

All testing must be performed by a licensed laboratory that has been accredited by the Oregon Health Authority. Products that fail to meet testing requirements may not be sold in Oregon dispensaries.

Overall, these testing requirements are designed to ensure that cannabis products sold in Oregon are safe and free from harmful contaminants.

Do Testing Requirements Protect Consumers From Non-Organic Material?

In Oregon, cannabis testing requirements are designed to ensure that all products that reach the market are safe for consumption and meet certain quality standards. These requirements include testing for potency, pesticides, microbial contaminants, and residual solvents.

However, while testing requirements can help to identify and prevent the sale of products that contain harmful chemicals or contaminants, they do not specifically prevent non-organic cannabis from going to market. For example, a product that has been grown using synthetic pesticides or fertilizers may still pass testing requirements if the levels of these chemicals fall below the allowable limits.

To ensure that you are purchasing cannabis that has been grown using organic practices, it is best to look for products that carry one of the certifications mentioned earlier, such as Clean Green Certified or Certified Kind. These certifications provide an additional level of assurance that the product has been grown using sustainable and natural methods.

Not Everyone Agrees On Testing Accuracy

There is disagreement in the cannabis community about the accuracy of testing for several reasons. First, cannabis is a complex plant with numerous chemical compounds that can affect the results of testing. For example, THC and CBD levels can vary widely depending on the strain, growing conditions, and harvesting techniques.

Second, there is a lack of standardized testing protocols and quality control measures across the industry. Different labs may use different methods and equipment, which can lead to variations in results. In addition, there is currently no federal oversight or regulation of cannabis testing, which can contribute to inconsistencies and inaccuracies.

Third, some members of the cannabis community have expressed concerns that testing may be biased or inaccurate due to financial incentives. For example, some labs may be incentivized to report higher THC levels in order to command higher prices for their testing services, or to boost sales of certain strains. Check out our blog on other reasons why THC percentage doesn’t show the whole picture here.

Finally, there is a general lack of education and awareness among consumers about how to interpret and understand lab test results. This can lead to confusion and skepticism about the accuracy of testing, particularly when results differ from consumers’ expectations or previous experiences.

Overall, the accuracy of cannabis testing is a complex and multifaceted issue that requires ongoing research, standardization, and education to ensure that consumers have access to reliable and trustworthy information about the products they are consuming.

Legal cannabis products are generally considered safe, but there are some potential risks and concerns that consumers should be aware of. While regulatory frameworks for cannabis production, distribution, and sale vary by state, most legal cannabis products undergo some form of testing for potency, contaminants, and other quality control measures. However, as noted earlier, the accuracy and consistency of testing can be an issue in some cases.

To minimize risks and ensure that you are consuming legal cannabis products safely, it is important to educate yourself about the products you are using, read product labels and lab test results, and follow dosage and usage guidelines carefully. You should also purchase cannabis products from reputable and licensed dispensaries or retailers, and be wary of products that make unsubstantiated health or therapeutic claims.

What is Biomagnification & What Does It Have To Do With Cannabis?

Biomagnification refers to the process by which certain toxins or chemicals become increasingly concentrated as they move up the food chain. In the context of cannabis products, biomagnification can occur as the plant material is refined into concentrates or extracts.

When cannabis is grown using pesticides or other chemicals, these compounds can become concentrated in the plant material. When this material is processed into concentrates, the levels of these chemicals can become even more concentrated, resulting in potentially harmful levels of exposure.

In addition, cannabis plants can also absorb heavy metals and other toxins from the soil or water in which they are grown. As with pesticides, these compounds can become concentrated in the plant material during the refining process.

To minimize the risk of biomagnification in cannabis products, it is important to use organic and sustainable growing practices and to carefully monitor the levels of toxins and contaminants throughout the cultivation and refining process. Additionally, third-party testing and certification can help to ensure that cannabis products are safe and free from harmful levels of contaminants.

Read Up On Organic Cannabis Growing Practices

Here are some books that cover organic cannabis growing practices:

The Organic Grow Book by Karel Schelfhout and Michiel Panhuysen

This book covers organic growing practices for a wide range of crops, including cannabis.

Teaming with Microbes: The Organic Gardener’s Guide to the Soil Food Web by Jeff Lowenfels and Wayne Lewis

This book provides an in-depth exploration of the soil food web and how to create a healthy soil ecosystem for optimal plant growth.

The Cannabis Grow Bible by Greg Green

This comprehensive guide covers all aspects of cannabis cultivation, including organic growing practices and techniques.

True Living Organics: The Ultimate Guide to Growing All-Natural Marijuana Indoors by The Rev

This book provides detailed instructions for growing cannabis using organic methods and materials.

Organic Marijuana, Soma Style: The Pleasures of Cultivating Connoisseur Cannabisby Soma

This book covers organic cannabis growing practices from a personal perspective, with a focus on cultivating high-quality, connoisseur-grade cannabis.

These books can provide a wealth of information and guidance for growers interested in organic cannabis cultivation practices. It’s important to note, however, that regulations and best practices for growing cannabis can vary by region, so it’s important to do additional research and consult local experts to ensure compliance and success in your particular area.


In conclusion, the word “organic” cannot be used in the cannabis market in the United States due to the conflicting regulations and legal framework surrounding the term. While the USDA has established a national standard for organic certification, cannabis remains illegal at the federal level. As a result, the use of the term “organic” in the cannabis industry is not regulated or recognized by federal agencies, leaving the door open to misrepresentation and fraudulent claims. As the legal landscape surrounding cannabis continues to evolve, it remains to be seen whether federal agencies will establish clear guidelines for the use of the term “organic” in the cannabis market.

We got you!

The world of legal cannabis is a constantly changing environment. Fortunately our staff is highly educated and our marketplace specifically strives to buy products grown with organic and sustainable practices. Stop in at any of our shops to learn about some of Oregon’s local cannabis brands that use these techniques. Shop any of our store’s menus and see what we have in store!

Substance offers online ordering and curbside pickup for dabs and other fine products at all dispensary locations throughout Bend, OR and now at our newest location in Cottage Grove, OR.